33 giant Chinese infrastructure projects that are reshaping the world

source
Reuters

A huge change is underway in China.

Over the next 10 years, the country plans to move 250 million people – the equivalent of Indonesia’s entire population – into the country’s rapidly growing megacities.

To accommodate that enormous migration, the country has invested billions of dollars in massive infrastructure projects. Some are already complete, while others are still in the works.

From highways that span the continent and the largest wind-power base in the world to enormous airports and new cities in the desert, China is showing what it really means to do big things.

Robert Johnson and Vivian Giang contributed to an earlier version of this story.


$110 MILLION: The Pingtang telescope was finally turned on in September 2016 and is now the world’s largest radio telescope. Its dish measures 1,640 feet across.

source
Reuters

$176 MILLION: The Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory is where many of China’s major scientific projects are conducted. It’s the country’s most expensive research facility.

source
Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory

$200 MILLION: The Guangzhou Opera House is one of the three biggest theaters in China, designed by architect Zaha Hadid.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$473 MILLION: The Qinling Tunnel is the longest highway tunnel in China, measuring more than 11 miles underneath Zhongnan Mountain.

source
Sintef

$532 MILLION: The Hainan power-grid project will get a second underwater cable that runs between the southern island of Hainan to mainland China. It’s slated to be completed in 2017.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$717 MILLION: The Kashgar-Hotan Railway connects all the cities and towns of the southwestern Tarim Basin.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$760 MILLION: The building that’s home to China Central TV Headquarters is a loop of six horizontal and vertical sections, covering 1,551,837 feet.

source
Damir Sagolj/Reuters

$900 MILLION: The Tianhuangping hydroelectric project is the biggest in Asia and plays a vital role in supplying power to eastern China.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$1.1 BILLION: The 1,614-foot-tall Shanghai World Financial Center Project (on the right in this picture) is home to the second highest hotel in the world. The Park Hyatt Shanghai is on the 79th through 93rd floors.

source
Aly Song/Reuters

$1.3 BILLION: The Baltic Pearl Project is China’s largest foreign-development project, consisting of residential and commercial properties outside St. Petersburg, Russia.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$1.7 BILLION: The Wuhan Tianxingzhou Yangtze River Bridge is a combined road and rail bridge that crosses the Yangtze River in the city of Wuhan.

source
Reuters

$1.7 BILLION: The Nanjing Metro was completed in 2005 and is used by roughly 2 million people a day — that’s 717 million people a year.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$1.8 BILLION: The Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel and Bridge is the fifth-longest cable-stayed bridge in the world, at a length of nearly 16 miles.

source
Reuters

$1.9 BILLION: The Chengdu Shuangliu Airport is the fourth-busiest airport in mainland China. In 2015, it handled 42 million passengers.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$2.12 BILLION: The Wuhan Railway Station serves some of the world’s fastest trains, which sail along at 186 mph.

source
wiki commons

$2.2 BILLION: The Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant, Phase 2 was added to the original Qinshan plant in 2011. It has the most nuclear reactors of any site in the world.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$2.4 BILLION: At 128 stories and 2,078 feet tall, the Shanghai Tower is the tallest skyscraper in China. It’s the second tallest in the world.

source
Aly Song/Reuters

$3.5 BILLION: The Beijing Capital International Airport is the largest single construction project in China and the sixth-largest building in the world.

source
Jorge Lascar/Flickr

$3.6 BILLION: Opened in 2012, the Kunming Changshui International Airport is the second-largest airport in China. Its main terminal measures nearly 6 million square feet.

source
wiki commons

$4.5 BILLION: Nanhui New City, a planned city to be completed in 2020, will house almost 1 million people.

source
Reuters/Stringer

$6.3 BILLION: The Xiangjiaba Dam reached completion in 2014. Its generators produce a combined 30.7 Twh of energy annually.

source
CWE

$6.3 BILLION: The Beijing South Railway Station is the city’s largest station and one of the largest in all of Asia.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$6.5 BILLION: China is one of several countries that have signed a contract to reconstruct the ancient “Silk Road” that links China and India to Europe.

source
wiki commons

$6.76 BILLION: Xiluodu Dam is the fourth-tallest dam in the world and currently the second-largest power source for all of China.

source
CWE

$7.89 BILLION: The Su-Tong Yangtze River Bridge is the world’s second-longest cable-stayed bridge, covering 3,600 feet between the cities of Nantong and Changshu.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$10.6 BILLION: The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge project will connect the two huge regions when it’s completed in 2017.

source
Bobby Yip/Reuters

$12 BILLION: The Hainan Wenchang Space Center launch project was completed in 2014. It’s uniquely positioned to launch a spacecraft that will stay in orbit.

source
NASA

$12 BILLION: The Shanghai Yangshan Deep Water Port Project is an ongoing construction project that aims to handle the largest container ships in the world by 2024. By 2015 it was already transporting 36.5 million shipping containers.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$14 BILLION: The Harbin–Dalian High-Speed Railway is the world’s first alpine high-speed railway that can operate at high latitudes and low temperatures.

source
Wikimedia Commons

$16 BILLION: The Jiaozhou Bay Bridge is the world’s longest cross-sea bridge, stretching nearly 26 miles — almost the length of a marathon.

source
Reuters

$35 BILLION: The Beijing Shanghai High Speed Railway is the world’s longest high-speed rail project to have been constructed in a single phase.

source
Jason Lee/Reuters


$322 BILLION: By 2030, China plans to combine 42 million people from a nine-city region into one giant megacity in the Pearl River Delta. The population is expected to hit 80 million by the time construction ends.

source
IK’s World Trip/Flickr

$43 BILLION: China is one out of 32 countries that signed an agreement for the construction of the Asian Highways Network, which will span the continent and reach Europe.

source
Wikimedia Commons