- Bob Bird/AP
Mylan Pharmaceuticals recently raised the price of a two-pack of EpiPens.
The crazy price hike, due to largely to the fact there’s little generic competition, is outrageous but also not unique to the EpiPen.
Consumers often pay way more for products than what it costs to make them. The reasons for high mark-up prices depend on the product. It could be that the item is in high demand or is difficult to make.
Here are 17 popular products with incredibly high mark-up prices.
Note: For this story, we looked at individual US brands, but price mark-ups are often similar for competing brands.
Regal Cinemas and AMC Theaters’ popcorn
- Getty Images/Scott Olson
Wholesale price for a small popcorn: About $0.35
Price you pay: $6.50
HDMI cables at Best Buy
- Free Stock Photos
Wholesale price for a six-foot cable: $2.67
Price you pay: $20
Electronics stores often don’t make much profit off TVs and video game consoles. So to balance out the big items, most retailers mark up smaller items that many people use, like HDMI cables (which allow you to stream content from your laptop to a TV).
- Thomson Reuters
Cost to make an iPhone 6s Plus: $236
Price you pay: $749
As CNBC notes, the decreasing cost of many iPhone components and smartphone market dominance helps Apple’s profitability from iPhones.
Verizon and AT&T text messages
- Getty Images/Sean Gallup
Cost for most phone carriers to send one text: Three-tenths of a cent
Price you pay per text: $0.20 on average (without an unlimited plan)
By making pay-as-you-go plans expensive, carriers like Verizon and AT&T can herd customers into longterm, multi-year plans, the Chicago Tribune notes.
Hallmark greeting cards
Cost to make a standard birthday card: About $1 to $2
Price you pay: About $3 to $7
High-grade paper (to distinguish greeting cards from something you could print from a home computer) and labor costs from making Hallmark cards in the USA lead to the outrageous price hikes. As the Atlantic notes, consumers are also least sensitive to products’ prices when they’re trying to convey a sentimental message (like you do with greeting cards).
True Religion designer jeans
Cost to make a pair of True Religion Super T Jeans: $50
Price you pay: $335
True Religion’s jeans are made in the USA, where manufacturing costs are much higher compared to overseas. The price mark-up also covers designer brands’ huge marketing budgets, and the costs of running stores, headquarters, shipping, and other overhead, according to The Wall Street Journal.
TI-83 graphing calculators.
Cost to make a TI-83 calculator: $15 to $20
Price you pay: $100 to $140
Texas Instruments, the manufacturer of the TI-83 calculator, has retained a monopoly in the field of American mathematics, allowing it to charge a lot for its products. Textbooks, like ones made by Pearson, often feature illustrations and exercises that pair with TI-83s, so students are forced to buy them.
Cost to print “Introductory Algebra, 4th Edition:” $10.75
Price you pay: $232
The giant mark-up for college textbooks largely comes from author royalties, editorial production, marketing, transportation, and the cost to pay employees at bookstores. According to The College Board, the average student spends upwards of $1200 per year on textbooks.
Price for 25 yards of silk satin to make a Badgley Mischka wedding dress: $2,500
Price you pay: $8,000
With wedding dresses, brides are not just paying for the fabric. They are paying for the stitch, the fit, but most of all the emotion tied to the wedding dress itself.
“A bride’s dress can signal how wealthy she is, what her status in society is,” NPR’s Caitlin Kenney wrote. “But it can also signal how seriously she’s taking this marriage.”
Diamond rings from Kay Jewelers and Jared
Average wholesale price for a one-carat diamond: Around $1,000 to $3,000 (depending on the cut and style)
Price you pay: $4,000 and up
HP printer cartridges
Cost to make one black printer cartridge: About $4 to $5
Price you pay: $13 to $50 (depending on your printer)
Electronics manufacturers like HP are able to sell you inexpensive printers (which they make little profit from), because they know you will pay a premium for ink. In a Computer World story from 2010, HP also argued that it spends a billion dollars each year on ink research and development.
Wine at Olive Garden
- Getty Images/Justin Sullivan
Wholesale price for a bottle of standard table wine: Around $10 to 20
Price you pay: Around $30 to $48
You pay a lot more for wine bottles when you eat out (at Olive Garden as an example), because of each restaurant’s operational costs. Each state also has its own alcohol laws and taxes that can affect the price of wine.
Beer at Hooters
- Africa Studio/Shutterstock
Wholesale price for a bottle of Budweiser: $0.85
Price you pay: $4 to $6
Like most restaurant mark-ups, the price hike comes from Hooters’ costs of doing business, like payroll, equipment maintenance, theft, marketing, and each location’s lease.
Aquafina and Dasani bottled water from convenience stores
- Brian Smithson/Flickr
Price to make: $1.50 for 1,000 gallons of purified water
Price you pay for a 16.9-ounce bottle: $1 to $3
It takes the profit of about five bottles of water to make the plastic for one bottle of water, a partial reason for the heavy price mark-up. The price hike also comes from Coca-Cola and Pepsi’s (the manufacturers of Aquafina and Dasani) marketing and distribution costs.
Coke and Pepsi soda from convenience stores
Price to make one can of soda: About $0.16
Price you pay: $0.50 to $2
Transportation and marketing costs as well as Coke and Pepsi’s brand-name dominance allows them to charge you way more for a can of soda than it costs them to make it.
Prescription eyeglasses from Luxottica
- Flickr/Jim Fischer
Price to make an average Luxottica pair of frames and lenses: $30
Price you pay at LensCrafters: Around $300
The Italian eyewear firm Luxottica (which owns Ray-Ban, Sunglass Hut, and LensCrafters) retains a big chunk of the market, meaning it has little competition and can determine price mark-ups.
- Thomson Reuters
Cost to make a two-pack of EpiPens: A few dollars
Price you pay: $600 or more (without health insurance)
EpiPens each hold about $1 worth of Epinephrine, the medicine that combats allergies, though Mylan Pharmaceuticals hiked the price of an EpiPen two-pack from $57 to around $600, since the company doesn’t have much generic competition. The device also only lasts between six months and a year before it must be replaced.