By Kiran Dhillon
About 17 million Americans-or 6 percent of the U.S. population-move every year. But not every state sees a net increase in residents.
States like California, New York, Michigan, New Jersey, and Illinois are losing residents, while Texas, North Carolina, South Carolina, Arizona, and Colorado are gaining them.
To create the map of net migration below-the difference between immigration and emigration-research engine FindTheBest analyzed the most recent migration flow data from the U.S. Census (the 2007-2011 five year estimate).
The states with positive net migration-meaning more people moved in than out-are in green and yellow, while the states with negative net migration are in shades of orange and red.
To see which states had the highest total number of immigrants and emigrants, switch views in the bottom right-hand corner.
So Americans are leaving typically high-demand states like California and New York, and moving South, to states like Texas and North Carolina.
But who is leaving these states, and why?
Many assume that rich residents are leaving states where taxes are high, but according toTrulia’s Chief Economist, it’s not the rich who are moving away from their home states, but rather the lower-income households who can’t keep up with rising real estate costs.
Additionally, millennials are moving to cities where they feel their job outlook is bright. This is particularly apparent in Texas, which was home to seven of the15 fastest growing citiesin the U.S. from 2012-2013, has a growing tech industry, and offers ample employment opportunities in the fracking industry.
So while California and New York may still be stereotypical dream states, the South is increasingly where people are putting down their roots.