Monthly Archives: November 2018

11 of Olivia Pope’s best looks on ‘Scandal’

Olivia Pope has worn quite a few stylish outfits on

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Olivia Pope has worn quite a few stylish outfits on “Scandal.”
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ABC

  • Olivia Pope had some killer fashion moments.
  • Neutrals were her signature.
  • She also rocked capes.

Kerry Washington is known for her excellent red carpet looks, but while she played Olivia Pope on ABC’s “Scandal,” her fashion was similarly stunning.

Costume designer Lyn Paolo took Olivia Pope’s style to the next level and it’s hard to deny that Washington’s character was consistently one of the most fashion-forward characters on TV.

Here are some of Olivia Pope’s best looks on “Scandal.”


The first time Olivia wore a white trench coat is so memorable.

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It’s one of her most iconic looks.
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Netflix

Olivia Pope handled all of her business in pieces that sent a message that she was in charge. Throughout the seasons, she wore many coats, particularly structured or belted coats.

The first time she wore a trench coat, however, was in the pilot episode and Paolo chose white, which became closely associated with Olivia and her “gladiators” over the course of the series.

“The Tory Burch white trench from the pilot started it all,” Paolo told Fashionista.com. “We still have the trench and it is sadly a bit worse for wear, but I will always have a special place in my heart for Tory and her line because this coat started it all for ‘Scandal.'”


Handbags and coats or capes were always the centerpiece of Olivia’s ensembles.

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She oftentimes paired her coats with gloves.
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ABC

This Olivia Pope look is a classic. From the gloves to the elegant coat, this is the sort of stylish, yet understated outfit fans came to expect. Olivia wore gloves quite a few times on the show, but the association with the character started by happenstance.

“About four years ago the three-quarter sleeve length coats were in fashion again,” Paolo told Newsweek. “We had one with a belt and [Kerry and I] were chatting about a scene where Olivia had to run down a hallway to see Fitz. We both said, ‘You know, it feels a bit naked. It doesn’t feel Olivia Pope worthy.’ So we threw in some gloves.”


Olivia Pope really knew how to rock a coat.

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The coat is super colorful.
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ABC

At the beginning of season five, things changed a bit wardrobe-wise for Olivia, with her wearing much more color.

Like many of Olivia’s coats over the years, this one is dramatic, stylish, and sends a clear message that she’s in charge.

Read More: 15 surprising things you probably didn’t know about ‘Scandal’


She didn’t wear color often, but she looked amazing when she did.

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The coat has a delicate floral pattern.
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ABC

Olivia Pope’s style typically involved black, white, and beige. But, a few of her looks involved some bright patterns and fabrics. This patterned red jacket is the perfect pop of color.


Olivia Pope wore some unique necklines.

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This gown had an unexpected flair.
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ABC

Her geometric gown is one of her most iconic looks because it stuck with her typical black and white color palette while adding some fun, but elegant, details.


She could wear layers like no other.

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The coat is nice and elegant.
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ABC

The subtle pop of pattern kept the all-black layered look from being boring. She also paired the look with one of her signature purses- simple and functional.


She wore a few vibrant pops of color.

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Her professional looks always had a fun element.
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ABC

The pop of blue in her cardigan, top, and shoes keep the look stylish. The straight-legged slacks keep the look feeling professional.


For much of the show, Paolo dressed Olivia primarily in neutrals.

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She looked great in patterns.
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ABC

Just because Olivia was oftentimes dressed in neutrals, that doesn’t mean that her style was boring. This blazer, for instance, was a great choice for Olivia and, like just about everything else she wore, Paolo selected it for a very specific reason.

“The black and white chevron jacket is the one part of the episode that’s the old Olivia – the black and white that we’re used to seeing,” Paolo told InStyle.


Her wedding dress was simple and elegant.

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The off-the-shoulder sleeves were classic.
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ABC

Olivia Pope looked nothing short of perfect on her wedding day, though the wedding wasn’t exactly real. The dress had a classic silhouette and the belt added a touch of glamour.


She played with unique silhouettes.

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Her coat is like a work of art.
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ABC

The simple pale yellow skirt paired with the statement jacket is very Olivia Pope.


Olivia’s Escada gown in season two had a very particular purpose.

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The gown was carefully chosen.
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ABC

Olivia wore yet another black and white ensemble to a formal event in season two. Paolo told Us Weekly that the mixture of black and white in the Escada gown was intended to communicate the complications with which Olivia was dealing in her personal life.

Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more.

A hotly contested congressional race in North Carolina remains in limbo amid an investigation over possible election fraud–here’s what we know so far

Dan McCready, left, faced Mark Harris, right, in the race in North Carolina's 9th Congressional District.

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Dan McCready, left, faced Mark Harris, right, in the race in North Carolina’s 9th Congressional District.
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Screenshot via YouTube/Screenshot via YouTube

  • North Carolina officials are delaying the certification of the results of the race for North Carolina’s 9th Congressional District while they investigate possible election fraud.
  • In the November 6 election, Republican Mark Harris defeated Democrat Dan McCready by a margin of 905 votes after beating incumbent Rep. Robert Pittenger in the primary.
  • State election officials are investigating potential absentee-ballot fraud as a possible cause for irregularities in the results from two counties in the district.

The 2018 midterm elections were held almost a month ago, but the results of a closely contested North Carolina congressional race are in doubt after the state elections board delayed the certification of the results to review allegations of ballot tampering and election fraud.

In the November 6 election, Republican Mark Harris defeated Democrat Dan McCready by just 905 votes in the race for North Carolina’s 9th Congressional District, after beating incumbent Congressman Robert Pittenger in the May primary.

But earlier this week, the North Carolina State Board of Elections and Ethics Reform voted unanimously to delay the certification of the results due to the number of mail-in ballot irregularities reported in Bladen and Robeson counties in both the May primary and November general.

These include consistent patterns of unusually high rates of absentee ballots being requested by voters but not returned, a disproportionate share of total votes coming from mail-in and absentee ballots, and a disproportionate share of those absentee votes going to Mark Harris in both the primary and general.

“We encourage all allegations of voter fraud to be investigated and prosecuted, and perpetrators should go to prison,” the North Carolina Republican Party said in a statement Thursday. “However, Democrats are throwing everything, including the kitchen sink, at the wall to try and steal an election.”

The investigation and move to delay the certification were not, however, spearheaded by Democrats. The Board of Elections is made up of four Democrats, four Republicans, and one unaffiliated member.

Read more: Here are the results of the 27 most competitive House races in the 2018 midterm elections

“Today’s news reports of the serious allegations in Bladen County are troubling,” the McCready campaign said Thursday. “I stand with voters all across the 9th district in wanting to make sure any wrongdoing is investigated and prosecuted regardless of the outcome of the election.”

In at least six affidavits obtained by WSOC-TV, some witnesses described overhearing Leslie McCrae Dowless, a local political operative working on behalf of Harris, saying he hired 80 people to do “absentee” for the Harris campaign and would receive a $40,000 cash bonus if Harris won.

Voters in Bladen and Robeson counties who submitted other sworn affidavits said they received absentee ballots they did not request and were canvassed at their homes by operatives who told them to fill out only a few races on absentee ballots. The canvassers told voters they would fill out the rest of the ballot and send it in.

Bladen County not only had the highest rate of votes that came from absentee ballots at 22%, compared with up to 1.6% in any of the other counties in the district, but Harris won 96% of the absentee ballots from Bladen, compared with 62% of absentee ballots from the other 6 counties in the county.

Under North Carolina law, “ballot harvesting,” or filling out and submitting absentee ballots on behalf of others is illegal. Some analysts have also pointed to eyewitness accounts and disproportionately rates of requested but not returned absentee ballots as possible evidence that people working on behalf of Dowless and the Harris campaign went door-to-door to collect, and then destroy, the absentee ballots of people who voted for Pittinger and McReady.

On Friday, the North Carolina State Board of Elections (NCSBE) decided in a 7 to 2 vote to hold an evidentiary hearing into the allegations before December 21 during a session closed to the public and reporters.

While the North Carolina Democratic Party applauded the board’s decision to conduct a hearing and delay certification, the North Carolina Republican Party and Harris campaign slammed the lack of transparency in the board’s Friday proceedings. On Saturday, the Democratic chairman of the NCSBE resigned, stating he did not want to be a “distraction” to the investigation after the NCGOP accused him of bringing partisan bias to the probe.

While the Harris campaign said in a Thursday statement that they are preparing for Harris to take office on Jan. 3rd, the fraud investigation and possible litigation over the election results could drag on for weeks, leaving control of the seat in limbo.

As WSOC-TV reporter Joe Bruno said on Thursday, the state elections board doesn’t need to determine that voter fraud influenced the outcome to order a new election. They only need to determine that “irregularities occurred to such an extent that they taint the results of the entire election and cast doubt on its fairness.”

Gerry Cohen, a North Carolina elections expert who served as chief counsel to the North Carolina General Assembly, told INSIDER on Friday that if the Board ordered a new election, it would be rematch of just the general election contest between Harris and McCready.

The House Committee on Administration – which has the final say in the results of contested House races – could also vacate the results of the election and restart the entire process, which would include ordering new candidate filings, primaries, and a general election, Cohen added. Eventually, the full House of the Representatives could end up seating McCready instead of Harris.

Bladen County has been the subject of voting controversies in previous years, though complaints against absentee-ballot results in 2016 were dismissed. “I’m very familiar with the unfortunate activities that have happened in my part of the state,” NCSBE member Joshua Malcolm said Tuesday.

“And I am not going to turn a blind eye to what took place to the best of my understanding, which has been ongoing for a number of years, and which has been repeatedly referred to the United States attorney and the district attorneys to clean up,” he added.

6 of the best fast-food burgers, according to chefs

Different fast-food burgers have different advantages.

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Different fast-food burgers have different advantages.
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Wojciech Kozielczyk/ iStock

  • Shake Shack is a chef favorite for chain burgers
  • Whataburger’s mustard sauce makes it stand out
  • Five Guys’ customizable burgers give them an edge

Chef-ed up hamburgers – that is, burgers made with premium meats and designer beef blends and labor-intensive toppings like caramelized onions – may be hyper-trendy, but sometimes all you want is a simple fast-food burgers.

Double that if you’re a chef, short on free time and well, maybe burnt out of all the over-the-top burger creations taking over restaurant menus across America. We asked chefs to share their favorite fast food burgers from chain restaurants, so you can order like a pro next time you pull up to the drive-thru.


Shake Shack has lots of fans.

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Shake Shack is reasonably priced and delicious.
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Instagram/ Shake Shack

“Hands down, Shake Shack. It is fairly priced and delicious.” – Dianna Daoheung, executive chef of Black Seed Bagels

“I have say Shake Shack’s Shack Stack. Simply put, it’s an umami bomb. The stuffed portobello, the cheese, the patty, the potato bun – I love everything about it.” – Eric Sze, chef-owner at 886

“No other chain hamburger comes even close to a Shackburger at Shake Shack. When we opened Somerset, the Chicago Shake Shack location sent tons of burgers and fries to our staff for family meal and everyone was thrilled!” – Chef Lee Wolen, Somerset

“Shake Shack’s ShackBurger is my jam. When I’m trying to not eat meat I’ll get the Shroom Burger and feel less guilty.” – Billy Riddle, co-executive chef, Spice Finch


In-N-Out is super fresh.

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The atmosphere also makes the burger.
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Instagram/ In-N-Out

“I ate two In-N-Out double doubles in one sitting. Its meat, produce, and bun are all super fresh. The burger itself aside, In-N-Out is family- and community-oriented, and the nostalgia, story, and warmth of familiarity of tradition for its region just makes the In-N-Out Burger that much more delicious.” – Simone Tong, chef-owner of Little Tong Noodle Shop.


Whataburger is a Texas classic.

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The mustard makes whataburger stand out.
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Hollis Johnson

“In Texas, the king is Whataburger. What makes it so delicious is the mustard, Whataburger is so different from the other guys when it comes to sauce. It’s so mustard forward, which they blend with mayo to make a creamy sauce. I love to go into Whataburger and get what everyone is getting, a burger at 2 a.m. when I’m buzzed from honky-tonks.” Chef Doug Adams of Bullard .


Five Guys has lots of toppings.

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Five Guys has fresh ingredients.
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Hollis Johnson

“The best chain hamburger is Five Guys double cheese with fresh jalapenos and pickles.”- Chef Greg Proechel of Ferris.


White Castle has a light bun.

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The little burgers are delicious.
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Drew Angerer/Getty

“There is nothing better than walking down the strip in Vegas handing those beautiful squares off to crazies out on the town! Sharing is Caring! By far the lightest bun known to man and all those beautiful mini onions are so perfectly distributed in every bite!” – Chef Patrick Rebholz of Yardbird


Order the #6 at Wendy’s.

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A Wendy’s burger is the way to go, according to this chef..
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Wendy’s

“Definitely the #6 from Wendy’s. I used to work at Wendy’s during high school, so I know the #6 is best.” – Greg Baxtrom, chef and owner at Olmsted.

Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more.

This quirky ‘Shark Tank’ alum makes ugly Christmas sweaters you’ll actually want to wear

The Insider Picks team writes about stuff we think you’ll like. Business Insider has affiliate partnerships, so we get a share of the revenue from your purchase.

tipsy elves 4

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Tipsy Elves/Facebook

  • If you need an ugly Christmas sweater that will speak volumes at your next holiday party, consider shopping at Tipsy Elves.
  • The “Shark Tank” alum responded to the growing demand for ugly sweaters by making it easy to shop funny designs and comfortable fabrics online.
  • The celebrity-favorite brand has hit the jackpot in this niche clothing category, selling over two million products and making over $70 million in sales to date.

You can’t go a weekend in December without being invited to at least one ugly Christmas sweater-themed function. Once a tacky piece of apparel that you might’ve been a little embarrassed to wear in public, the ugly Christmas sweater is now fully embraced as an essential part of the holiday season. The uglier and more outrageous, the better.

Surprisingly, one of the most popular places to find a fun sweater for your holiday party wasn’t born out of Santa’s workshop. Instead, it’s the brainchild of a former corporate lawyer, Evan Mendelsohn, and a former dentist, Nick Morton.

With an interest in internet marketing and a good eye for growing trends, Mendelsohn noticed one holiday season that it was difficult to find new Christmas sweaters online. He thought he could fill the void. He was joined by his former college roommate and then-endodontist, Morton, and in 2011 they began selling holiday sweaters online.

tipsy elves 3

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Tipsy Elves/Facebook

They sold just over 5,000 sweaters during their first year and quit their jobs in 2012 to pursue their company Tipsy Elves full time. The last six years have shown that the risk was worth it.

In December 2013, they appeared on an episode of “Shark Tank,” during a season that saw fellow memorable pitches like Doorbot (later, Ring), Freshly Picked, Kodiak Cakes, Plated, and The Bouqs Co. While a number of these now-successful companies didn’t receive funding, Tipsy Elves did, from judge Robert Herjavec.

The orders, partnerships, and celebrity exposure moments have continued to roll in since. Tipsy Elves has now done over $70 million in sales and sold over two million products.

While its operations and growth plans are streamlined and strategic, its products are far, far from serious. The whimsical and oftentimes downright crude designs strike a chord with younger audiences and cut straight through the formal stuffiness of the holidays.

tipsy elves 2

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Tipsy Elves/Facebook

If you want to be amused, entertained, or faced with the struggle of picking out only one sweater to buy, scroll through its online shop. Rather than sugar-plums, you’ll find visions of Santa riding a unicorn and angels with beer bongs dance through the designers’ heads. You can show off your knowledge of pop culture with a Kardashian-inspired sweater, or sit yourself under the tree as a wrapped present. Hanukkah celebrants, you’re not left out.

Sweaters range from $40 to $60, but you’re not simply paying for the novelty, then putting up with the uncomfortable itchiness. They’re actually soft and substantial, made from high-quality acrylic that won’t shrink.

Dc Hanukkah Apparel 180817

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Tipsy Elves

We can’t guarantee that your Tipsy Elves sweater won’t offend anyone, so consider your audience as you put one on in the upcoming weeks. We would take the risk, though, in the name of unadulterated holiday fun.

Shop Tipsy Elves sweaters at Amazon here

Check out more ways to prepare for the holidays:

How the average US woman compares to a Victoria’s Secret Angel

A select group of Victoria's Secret Angels have worn the Fantasy Bra.

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A select group of Victoria’s Secret Angels have worn the Fantasy Bra.
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Peter Morgan/Reuters and Scott Gries, Dimitrios Kambouris, Frazer Harrison/Getty Images

  • A new study from Simply Be revealed stark differences between the Victoria’s Secret Angels who have worn the Fantasy Bra and the average woman.
  • There is a big difference between these Angels’ and average women’s appearances, bust sizes, dress sizes, and annual income.
  • In November, Victoria’s Secret’s chief marketing officer Ed Razek said that the brand has no future plans to include transgender or “plus-size” models in the show.

The Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show is practically an institution in holiday TV programming, but lately, many people have been criticizing the brand for its lack of diversity in models and Angels. And according to a new study, the Victoria’s Secret Angels are even more different from the average woman than you might have thought.

The study, which was conducted by United Kingdom clothing retailer Simply Be, compared the average US woman to the Angels chosen to wear the Fantasy Bra in the fashion show each year – an honor that’s carefully chosen before the show.

According to the research, most Angels stand at 5’10” tall, wear a size six dress, and wear a bra sized 32A to 32D. However, most average women stand at 5’4″ tall, wear a size 16 dress, and wear a bra sized 34DD to 36DD.

Adriana Lima.

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Adriana Lima.
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Frazer Harrison/Getty Images

Angels tend to have blonde or brown hair while the average woman has brown or black hair. Although Angels have an average income of $4 million a year, the CNBC reports that the average woman in the US earns between $21,008 and $41,600 annually.

By comparing stats from the models who wore the Fantasy Bra over the fashion show’s 23-year history to the average woman, it’s evident that they don’t exactly represent the average woman who might be watching the show and buying Victoria’s Secret’s products.

Read More: 14 things about the Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show you probably didn’t know

But Victoria’s Secret doesn’t seem to have plans to change their Angel standards anytime soon

Despite criticism, Victoria’s Secret doesn’t seem to be planning to change the standard for their models anytime soon. In an interview with Vogue, chief marketing officer Ed Razek said they have no intentions of including a plus-size or transgender model in the show in the future, claiming that viewers weren’t interested when they tried to do a TV special for plus sizes in 2000.

“Shouldn’t you have transsexuals in the show? No. No, I don’t think we should,” Razek told Vogue. “Well, why not? Because the show is a fantasy. It’s a 42-minute entertainment special. That’s what it is. It is the only one of its kind in the world and any other fashion brand in the world would take it in a minute, including the competitors that are carping at us. And they carp at us because we’re the leader.”

Later, Razek apologized for his comments in a statement Victoria’s Secret released via Twitter, saying, “To be clear, we absolutely would cast a transgender model in our show. We’ve had transgender models come to castings … And like many others, they didn’t make it. But it was never about gender. I admire and respect their journey to embrace who they really are.”

Calls for body diversity in the show have become even more common in recent years and this year, model Robyn Lawley called for a boycott of the show on Instagram.

You can find all of INSIDER’s Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show coverage here.

19 things you didn’t know about Netflix

Life without Netflix is hard to imagine.

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Life without Netflix is hard to imagine.
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Netflix

  • Netflix was originally called “kibble.”
  • It’s technically been around longer than Google.
  • Netflix is responsible for 15% of the world’s internet traffic.

It’s hard to imagine life without Netflix, but there’s a lot you probably don’t know about the popular streaming service.

Read on to learn 19 facts about Netflix, from what it was originally called to how you can search for niche categories.


In its early stages, Netflix had a different name.

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The first name was “Kibble.”
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chendongshan/ iStock

Netflix co-founder Marc Randolph told Fortune that the streaming service was originally called Kibble. Although the name was simply a placeholder, it referred to the idea that a product isn’t a success unless “the dogs eat the dog food,” as he phrased it.


In the future, there could be an “Ultra” membership tier.

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There might be an Ultra membership.
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Netflix

In July, word got out (via the Italian blog Tutto Android) that Netflix would start offering members a new tier of service. The so-called Ultra plan would allow users to stream Ultra HD video and audio on up to four devices at once.

Currently, those with a Netflix subscription can choose one of three options that determine how many device screens they can watch simultaneously. A Basic plan costs $7.99, with Standard and Premium plans going for $10.99 and $13.99, respectively.

The Ultra tier is still in development, as Netflix spokesperson Smita Saran explained in an email to consumer electronics site CNET.

“We continuously test new things at Netflix and these tests typically vary in length of time,” Saran wrote. “In this case, we are testing slightly different price points and features to better understand how consumers value Netflix.”


Netflix made a goofy test film ― and you can still watch it.

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A still from “Example Show.”
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Netflix

You may have thought that “House of Cards” was the first original content that Netflix produced. But the service’s first “original series” was actually a 2010 project called “Example Show.”

The 11-minute test video (which you can watch here) is pretty goofy. “Actor,” the episode’s star, performs feats such as moon-walking while holding a laptop and reciting a monologue from Shakespeare’s “Julius Caesar.”

If that doesn’t sound wild enough, the video is inexplicably subtitled with the line “There’s no crying in baseball,” which was borrowed from the film “A League of Their Own.”


Blockbuster almost bought Netflix.

In 2000, Netflix’s co-founder, Reed Hastings, asked former Blockbuster CEO John Antioco if he would buy the company for $50 million. Antioco turned down the offer because the mail-based DVD rental business seemed too niche.

The now-defunct video store chain (which actually has one location left in Bend, Oregon) lost out big time. Last year alone, Netflix’s revenue came out to a whopping $11.69 billion.


Netflix is responsible for 15% of the world’s internet traffic.

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Netflix is 15% of global internet bandwidth.
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Netflix

Bandwidth management company Sandvine reported that, as of 2018, Netflix accounted for 15% of global internet traffic. And if it didn’t compress its videos, that percentage could have been three times as high.


The streaming service once hosted its own awards ceremony, The Flixies.

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This award show was fan based.
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Netflix

In 2013, Netflix hosted an awards ceremony aptly titled “The Flixies.” The fan-based awards allowed viewers to vote for their favorite entries in fun categories such as “Best Guilty Pleasure” and “Best Hangover Cure.”


Netflix has technically been around longer than Google.

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Netflix was founded in 1997.
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Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

Although Netflix didn’t begin renting out DVDs by mail until 1998, the company was founded in 1997 ― making it a year older than Google.


Glitches can be aggravating for viewers, but one Netflix bug created hilarious mashup descriptions.

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Things merged with hilarious results.
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Shutterstock

A 2014 glitch caused plot summaries from different movies to merge, and hilarity ensued. For instance, one description read: “In a backwater Iowa town, young Gilbert is torn between taking care of his troubled family and a girl who shows him new passion and bounty hunters.”

There’s even a Twitter account dedicated to the humorous summaries, @SummaryBug.


There’s a secret menu you can access to adjust bit rate and buffering.

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Netflix buffering.
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Netflix

According to Entertainment Weekly, you can access this diagnostic screen by pressing Shift + Alt + Left Click on a PC or Shift + Option + Click on a Mac.


There are even hacks geared toward parents with young kids.

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Netflix’s kid option.
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Netflix

HuffPost suggests setting a four-digit pin to block content with more mature TV ratings, as well as specific programs that might be inappropriate.

You can also disable autoplay to discourage endless binge-watching.


Netflix is available in more than 190 countries from Australia to Turkey, but it’s the most popular in the US.

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Netflix is most popular in the US.
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Nastco/ iStock

In a recent study, the market research company eMarketer analyzed Netflix’s global penetration. Researchers found that the streaming service is the most popular in the US, tailed closely by Norway and Canada.


Worldwide, Netflix has more than 137 million subscribers.

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Netflix has subscribers all around the world.
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NicoElNino/ iStock

Of that subscription base, more than 58 million users live in the US.


On average, Netflix users spend less than two minutes browsing.

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Users look at 10 to 20 titles.
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Netflix

In 2016, Netflix analyzed how long it took the average user to select a show or movie. According to the study, which was published in the journal ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems, most people browsed for just 60 to 90 seconds before giving up. During that window, users typically looked at 10 to 20 titles.


Netflix cares about the series we binge-watch, and how quickly we marathon these shows.

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Netflix knows which shows are binge worthy.
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Netflix

Netflix published a list of the most binge-watched series of 2017. The list was divided into categories such as “The Shows We Devoured” (content that people watched two hours at a time) and “The Shows We Savored” (shows people watched for fewer than two hours a day).

The mockumentary “American Vandal” topped the “Devoured” section, while royal drama “The Crown” earned first place in the “Savored” contingent.


Netflix pays people to watch and categorize content.

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People watch the shows and then categorize them.
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Goran Bogicevic/Shutterstock

If you want to get paid to watch TV, your dream job awaits at Netflix. The company hires people to “tag,” or categorize, shows and movies with relevant metadata about its content. Although taggers label more mundane information, like who directed the episode or film, they’re also responsible for crafting niche descriptions.

“We work with a sprawling palette of tones and storylines to capture the spirit of our content, and when it comes to those sorts of tags, we can be more editorial,” Sherrie Gulmahamad, a senior member of the tagging team, said in an interview with Fast Company.


There are more than 76,000 categories or “micro-genres.”

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There are lots of different genres.
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Netflix

Some of Netflix’s 76,000-plus categories are more general, like “Epics.” Others are highly specific. Whether you’re looking for an “Inspiring Teen Movie” or a “Romantic Independent Drama,” Netflix has a sub-genre to suit viewers’ eclectic tastes.

Each category is assigned a unique code, which you can type into your browser. To bring up the “Epics” menu, for example, you would use the following URL: http://www.netflix.com/browse/genre/52858.


In 2014, Netflix became the first streaming service to win a major award for original content.

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“House of Cards” is a Netflix Original Series.
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Netflix

That year, Robin Wright won the Golden Globe for Best Actress in a Television Series Drama for her performance as Claire Underwood on “House of Cards.”


Spoilers are becoming more of a norm, according to a Netflix study.

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There are different types of people who spoil TV shows.
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Alex Lane / Flickr, CC

Netflix conducted a study, with the help of Grant McCracken, a cultural anthropologist, to see how it’s audience felt about spoilers.

Netflix and McCracken identified multiple types of “spoilers” including the “impulsive”, “shameless” and “coded” spoiler.

McCracken ultimately commented that spoilers are becoming less important because a good TV show will have you wanting to continue to watch, even if you know spoilers.


You can take a test to become a translator for Netflix.

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HERMES logo.
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HERMES

In 2017, Netflix launched HERMES, a tool that the company uses to vet would-be translators around the globe. According to a post on the Netflix Tech Blog, HERMES is the premiere online subtitling and translation test administered by a major content creator.

The five-part test comprises thousands of randomly generated multiple-choice questions that gauge an applicant’s comprehension of English, as well as their ability to translate English idioms into their target language.

Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more.

Exclusive: Tory MP Sam Gyimah to back second Brexit referendum after quitting Theresa May’s government

Sam Gyimah.

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Sam Gyimah.
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YouTube/GyimahSam

  • Conservative member of parliament Sam Gyimah is resigning his cabinet position and backing a new referendum on Brexit.
  • The former universities and science minister is the seventh minister to oppose Theresa May’s Brexit deal and call for a “People’s Vote.”
  • He said the deal would leave Britain “worse off, transformed from rule makers into rule takers.”

LONDON – Conservative member of parliament Sam Gyimah is set declare his support for a second referendum on Brexit (also called a “People’s Vote”) after quitting Theresa May’s government on Friday evening, multiple sources have told Business Insider.

Gyimah quit as universities and science minister on Friday in protest of the prime minister’s Brexit deal with Brussels, branding the Withdrawal Agreement “naive,” “EU first,” and “not in the British national interest.”

“Britain will end up worse off, transformed from rule makers into rule takers. It is a democratic deficit and a loss of sovereignty,” Gyimah said, after becoming the seventh minister to resign over the divorce deal.

Gyimah is set to follow ex-transport minister Jo Johnson in backing the campaign for a “People’s Vote,” a referendum on the outcome of negotiations, according to multiple senior anti-Brexit campaigners.

Earlier this month, a senior source in the People’s Vote campaign told Business Insider that up to three conservative MPs would declare support for another referendum in November, with Johnson being the first.

In a statement published on Friday, the MP for East Surrey hinted at support for another referendum.

“We shouldn’t dismiss out of hand the idea of asking the people again what future they want, as we all now have a better understanding of the potential paths before us,” he wrote.

BI understands that he will soon publicly declare his support for another Brexit referendum, piling more pressure on May as she faces the prospect of a landslide defeat in the parliamentary vote on her deal next week.

Gyimah – who was first elected to Parliament in 2010 – offered a scathing assessment of the deal May has negotiated with the EU in his statement. In it, he said the UK “will end up worse off, transformed from rule makers into rule takers” and be left with “a democratic deficit and a loss of sovereignty the public will rightly never accept.”

The outgoing minister also accused May of ruling out red lines “that need to be considered seriously,” such as extending the Article 50 negotiating process, as well as holding another referendum.

Justine Greening – ex-education secretary and People’s Vote supporter – said her colleague’s decision reiterated the “huge shortcomings” of May’s deal and “the need to find an alternative path forward for Britain.”

“His comments on the second referendum simply reflect the real choice confronting many MPs. He recognises trusting the people may be, in the end, the only way to break the gridlock in Parliament,” she said.

Alex Sobel MP, a member of pro-second-referendum group Best for Britain, subsequently confirmed Gyimah’s support. In an emailed statement, he said: “I look forward to Sam Gyimah joining the campaign for a vote on the final Brexit deal. We have the momentum in our campaign. “If Theresa May cannot persuade her own ministers in her deal she can’t really believe that she has a chance when it comes before Parliament. The Government must now extend the article 50 process and present something to Parliament that we can vote for. If she can’t do that then she must make way for a Government who can or go back to the British people and let them decide.”

12 of the biggest differences between attending a university in the US and in Canada

Harvard (US) and Queen's University (Canada).

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Harvard (US) and Queen’s University (Canada).
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chensiyuan/ Wikimedia & Canteaus/ Wikimedia

  • Difference between college in Canada and the US include price, title and campus experience.
  • Joel Westheimer, University Research Chair in Democracy and Education at the University of Ottawa, shares what makes college different in the two countries.
  • We list 12 ways that college differs in the two countries.

From government structure to healthcare, there are some key differences between the US and Canada – and education is no exception. If you or someone you know is considering attending college in the Great White North or the US of A, there are a few factors to keep in mind, from the cost of tuition to the campus experience.

To unpack the distinctions between American and Canadian higher education, INSIDER spoke to Joel Westheimer, University Research Chair in Democracy and Education at the University of Ottawa.

Keep reading to learn 12 ways in which college varies between the US and Canada.


In Canada, what Americans call “college” is typically called “university.”

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The University of Ottawa.
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ILOBcom/ Wikimedia

As in other Commonwealth countries, college is called “university” in Canada.

However, there are smaller institutions in Canada called colleges that grant certificates and diplomas as opposed to degrees.

In the US, no matter if you attend a college or a university, it’s usually referred to as going to “college.”


College is much pricier in the US than in Canada.

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The average tuition in Canada is $6,653 and $35,676 in the US.
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TheaDesign/ iStock

It’s no secret that a college education typically costs less in Canada. In fact, it’s one reason why an increasing number of US and international students are opting to attend school there.

According to US News and World Report, the average cost of private tuition in the US for the 2018-2019 academic year is $35,676, with public in-state tuition averaging to $9,716. Depending which province you’re in, the average tuition for Canadian students ranges from $6,653 (Ontario) to $2,172 (Newfoundland and Labrador).

“Canada has a much better system for funding university education, a more egalitarian system,” Westheimer told INSIDER, explaining that funding comes from both the federal and provincial levels.

One of the central cultural differences between the US and Canada is that Canadians view education as more of a right than a privilege, he said. This ethos has been the driving force behind student protests in Quebec over surges in tuition.


Admission to Canadian universities is based mostly on GPA.

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Standardized tests aren’t part of the Canadian application process.
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smolaw11/ iStock

In the US, standardized tests are part and parcel with the college application process. However, admission to Canadian universities is a bit simpler.

Outside of Quebec, where students are required to complete the Diplôme d’Études Collégiales (a diploma that qualifies you for pre-university and technical studies), Canadians need a secondary school diploma to apply for undergraduate university programs.

Generally speaking, universities and colleges will accept applicants with a GPA of 70% or higher (the equivalent of a 2.7-3.0 GPA, depending on which province you’re from).


The Canadian application process is not as competitive.

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University of Western Ontario.
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Wikimedia/AlexandraGorska

Without the pressure to excel at standardized testing, the application process is more relaxed than in the US, Westheimer said.

Students also apply to universities individually rather than with a universal tool such as the Common App.


In the US, there’s more of an emphasis on the dorm experience.

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In Canada, most students get their own apartments or houses after first year.
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zhudifeng/ iStock

Unlike in the US, where many four-year colleges make it mandatory for students to live on campus for at least some of their education, the residential experience is rarer in Canada.

“There’s much more of a culture of independence,” Paula Tsvayg, a 2015 McGill University graduate, told Money magazine. “All McGill students had to move out after their first year, so we all had to sign leases and get our own apartments.”


It’s more common for Canadian students to go to a university close to home than it is in the US.

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Only 10% of students leave their province for university.
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Diego Grandi/Shutterstock

In the US, people often apply to colleges throughout their region and even across the country. But that’s not true in Canada, where it’s more common for students to live at home and commute.

According to a 2012 survey from Statistics Canada, only about 10% of students leave their province for university.


Class year isn’t as important in Canada.

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There isn’t as much of an emphasis of when you graduate.
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Luke Jones/Flickr

While American college students often take pride in their graduating class year, when you graduate is not as big a deal in Canada.

Most Canadian universities offer three- or four-year education (generally equating to 90 and 120 credits), but there’s less emphasis on how long it takes you to finish your courses, according to Westheimer.

“You’re not tied so much to your class,” he said.


And school years have different names in both countries.

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If you are a freshman you are considered a “first year.”
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Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

Instead of calling school years “sophomore” or “junior,” as they do in the US, Canadians typically say “second year,” “third year,” and so forth.


Most Canadian universities tend to be bigger than their US counterparts.

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The University of Toronto has 90,000 students.
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Wikimedia/Anders Sandberg

For example, the University of Toronto has an enrollment of more than 90,000 students, including over 55,000 undergrads. That’s an even larger student body than at the biggest US state school, the University of Central Florida, where about 66,000 students are currently enrolled.

They’re fewer and far between, but smaller schools akin to American liberal arts colleges do exist, like Bishop’s University in Quebec, where there are just 2,340 full-time undergrads enrolled.


Greek life is more prevalent in the US.

Although Greek life does exist on Canadian campuses, it’s less prevalent than at US colleges.

“At McGill [University] it wasn’t like being in a sorority or frat was necessary or even viewed as being something cool,” Supriya Dwivedi, a Canadian public-affairs consultant, told The Canadian Press.

A Quora user weighing in on the subject also noted that sororities and frats aren’t as ubiquitous as they are in the US: “Yes, there are sororities in Canada, but they are not a big thing here, especially not the movie kind where everyone lives in a huge old mansion. Some Universities don’t have sororities at all.”


There’s no equivalent to the Ivy League in Canada.

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Queen’s University, home to The Queen’s Journal.
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Wikimedia

Despite frequent comparisons between Canada’s best universities and the most selective US institutions, there is no Canadian equivalent to the Ivy League.

As the editorial board of the Queen’s Journal, the student-run newspaper at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, delineated in a 2017 op-ed, higher education in the US is more hierarchical.

“It’s not always the degree itself that gets Harvard graduates a job when they leave – it’s the name. And while our system isn’t without its own elitism, the significance placed on reputation in the United States creates a difficulty in accessing these prestigious schools,” the board wrote.


There are more “experimental” colleges in the US.

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Reed College in Portland Oregon.
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Flickr/dmcdevit

Since the US has a significantly larger population than Canada (327 million people compared to 37 million), there’s more flexibility for experimental education models.

A notable exception was Rochdale College in Toronto, which operated from 1964 to 1975 and offered free education. It was known for its student-run classes and living cooperative.

“There’s a host of schools that provide a radically different education in the US,” said Westheimer, citing Reed College in Portland, Oregon, and the Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington, as examples.

Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more.

We went to the restaurant TomTom made famous by the show ‘Vanderpump Rules,’ and it was surprisingly great

TomTom season is officially upon us.

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TomTom season is officially upon us.
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Kelsea Stahler

  • I went to TomTom, the restaurant made famous by the Bravo show “Vanderpump Rules.”
  • It was actually pretty great.
  • The food was fresh and the drinks were pretty fairly priced.

As any die-hard “Vanderpump Rules” fan knows, castmembers Tom Sandoval and Tom Schwartz’s collaboration with Lisa Vanderpump and Ken Todd officially opened its doors and TomTom season is officially here.

And while the opening night (filmed for an episode of Bravo’s reality show “Vanderpump Rules,” naturally) and the press preview delivered images of a TomTom packed to the brim with Bravolebrities and opportunities aplenty for face time with the Toms, that’s not exactly how things go down at the fourth West Hollywood Vanderpump creation on a daily basis.

Life doesn’t often imitate reality TV, after all. To find out what it’s like for the average Vanderpump fan, I ventured out to the brand new bar and restaurant on a Friday night. And it was actually kind of fantastic.

Of course, a few factors lined up perfectly. For starters, I’d heard there was a line out the door to get into the place on most popular nights, so I nabbed a seat just after the doors opened at 5:30 p.m. The result was a prime bar spot, smack dab in the middle of the front parlor.

It was close enough to the front to watch people walk by and realize they recognized the bar from TV and to keep an eye on the famous giant portrait of the Toms mid-kiss. As a bonus, I decided to visit the bar a few days before Halloween, and as it turns out, TomTom’s decor is kind of perfect for those synthetic spiderwebs that we all love so much on the spookiest holiday of the year. So, pro-tip: plan your TomTom visit for next October.

Spooky looks good on the steampunk decor of TomTom.

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Spooky looks good on the steampunk decor of TomTom.
source
Kelsea Stahler

Since my friend and I were at the bar, we were able to make conversation with the bartenders (all of whom look like they could star in their own “Vanderpump Rules” spinoff), who were kind, talkative, and instantly knew that I was the sort of person who’d want to know if the drink I just ordered was, in fact, “a Sandoval original.” (For the record, I ordered the “Toulouse Your Mind” precisely because it sounded like a Sandoval original, but kudos to the kind staff for knowing exactly why I was in their establishment.)

Not only were the staff welcoming and surprising chill with the knowledge that 90% of their customers were bound to be fans of the Bravo series, but the foods and drinks were actually pretty wonderful too.

The food menu.

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The food menu.
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Kelsea Stahler

I had heard that some of the cocktails were a bit off (and having been to SUR, I can attest that Ken and Lisa’s hot spots don’t always have the best cocktail inventions), but would wholeheartedly recommend the Toulouse (named after Toulouse Lautrec, made from Absinthe, pineapple, fresh lemon, ginger liqueur, and habanero crystals, and topped with a tiny red rose). It’s only a tad spicy, great for Instagram (especially if you nab a spot at the marble bar), and it’s got a delightful, unique flavor without being over-the-top sweet (like so, so many Vanderpump cocktails tend to be).

I'd order it again based on it's adorable appearance alone.

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I’d order it again based on it’s adorable appearance alone.
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Kelsea Stahler

But since the drinks at TomTom are pretty strong (which is great since they’re $16 bucks a pop), I couldn’t leave without getting a little something to snack on, too.

The menu is packed with options, though most of them have descriptive names like “avocado purses” or “crab & scallion cakes,” but since I wasn’t at this reality TV gem to eat regular food items, I opted for the first punny item I could find: The Bubbapump Shrimp Tacos. God bless whoever knew, deep down, that “Vanderpump Rules” fans would appreciate a Bubba Gump/Lisa Vanderpump joke. (I’d put money on this being a Schwartz idea, considering his affinity for the word “Bubba.”)

These tacos may be

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These tacos may be “low carb” but they are straight up delicious.
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Kelsea Stahler

The tacos are an extremely LA dish, eschewing the usual corn tortillas for jicama, cut into thin, tortilla-esque slices. I initially assumed that this choice was done for low-carb reasons, a concession to offset the fact that the shrimp are deep-fried, but after (quickly) finishing off all three tacos on my plate, I have to confess the jicama switcheroo is kind of genius.

First of all, the cool, veggie shell not only offsets the actual calories of the breaded shrimp, but it’s gives a genuinely nice counterbalance to the greasy fried seafood element. Secondly, because the jicama is a bit sturdier than a corn tortilla, the tacos hold together much better than actual tacos. Add to that a legitimately delicious spicy aioli with radishes and cilantro on top, and these little low-carb tacos might actually be the perfect cocktail snack.

The cocktail menu.

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The cocktail menu.
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Kelsea Stahler

Lastly, the prices at TomTom are surprisingly … normal

The restaurant could open its doors to Bravo fans and charge an arm and a leg for everything on the menu and probably still do alright. Instead, the prices are pretty in line with most upscale LA eateries (around $14-16 for an appetizer, $16-24 for most entrees, and $16 for most cocktails).

The beers are a little too expensive for my taste ($10 dollars for a Peroni when you could buy the same beer as a six-pack for $7), but if you’re having a beer at TomTom, you’re missing the point of TomTom.

TomTom is a pretty decent place to stop for a drink or two and some snacks. And while, yes, there are far better restaurants in West Hollywood just steps away from this place, they don’t all promise the same immersive Vanderpump experience.

So go for it, Vanderpump obsessives. Nab a table, soak in the little details, and make sure you order a Sandoval original.

Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more.

The Victoria’s Secret models’ pre-show diet includes avocados and lots of nuts

Three to five days before the show, the models completely cut carbohydrates to eliminate any bloating.

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Three to five days before the show, the models completely cut carbohydrates to eliminate any bloating.
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Jacopo Raule/Getty Images

  • To prepare for the 2018 Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show, the models fill up on protein, healthy fats, and low-carb vegetables, according to nutritionist Dr. Charles Passler.
  • Three to five days before the show, the models completely cut carbohydrates to eliminate any bloating.
  • Go-to foods include avocados, pecans, eggs, and protein shakes.

It’s no secret that a ton of preparation goes into the Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show, especially if you’re a model who will be walking the runway. In addition to exercise, Victoria’s Secret models follow a strict eating regimen leading up the show. Dr. Charles Passler, one nutritionist who is known to work with models like Bella Hadid and Adriana Lima, gave INSIDER a look into what the models are fueling their bodies with pre-show.

Carbohydrates play a major role in getting the models show-ready

Carbohydrates may seem like a total diet no-no, but Passler told INSIDER, “they fuel the muscle so they can work out and feel strong.”

The models will eat the bulk of their carbs, which typically come in the form of vegetables or a protein shake, before and after they exercise. Passler said the models will opt for vegetables as their carb of choice, since they won’t cause the blood sugar to spike like other high-glycemic carbohydrates might.

Carbohydrates may seem like a total diet no-no, but when the models begin preparing for the show, carbs actually play an important role, Passler told INSIDER.

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Carbohydrates may seem like a total diet no-no, but when the models begin preparing for the show, carbs actually play an important role, Passler told INSIDER. “They fuel the muscle so they can workout and feel strong.”
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Brooke Lark/Unsplash

White bread, for instance, has a high glycemic index and can make a person’s blood sugar rise quickly, in turn making their energy levels fluctuate, according to Harvard School of Public Health. Instead of bread, models will reach for green beans, zucchini, lettuces, and eggplants to keep energy levels steady, Passler said.

For the models, this maintained level of energy is important so they can complete workouts with as much intensity as possible and build the long and lean physiques you see on the runway.

Passler recommended intermittent fasting to keep the models looking lean

In addition to properly fueling their workouts, the models also partake in intermittent fasting, Passler said. According to the Cleveland Clinic, intermittent fasting involves limiting your caloric intake during short time periods. For example, for three days per week, a person may eat two meals that add up to just 500 calories, but then eat regularly and not count calories on non-fasting days. Another method involves eating the same way every day, but limiting your eating to a certain number of hours during the day, like from 7 a.m. to 6 p.m.

Read more: The most iconic look at every Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show

Passler said intermittent fasting is helpful because, “the more time spent not eating, the more the body goes into fat-burning mode,” which is ideal for Victoria’s Secret models’ goals.

Snacks are a no-no while big, balanced meals are preferred

Another way to keep blood sugar levels steady and maintain energy involves eating little to no snacks. “Every time you eat, it gives the opportunity for the body to have high blood sugar, so I’m a fan of two bigger meals during [show preparation],” Passler said.

Read more: Victoria’s Secret Angel Lily Aldridge’s beauty routine includes a sheet mask for her baby bump

Rather than nosh on snacks, Passler has models eat breakfasts, lunches, and dinners that have balanced macronutrients, or the nutrients we need to consume in large amounts for optimum health, according to the Mayo Clinic. Passler said each meal should have an ample amount of protein, carbohydrates, and healthy fats.

Each meal should have an ample amount of protein, carbohydrates, and healthy fats, like avocados or nuts, Passler explained.

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Each meal should have an ample amount of protein, carbohydrates, and healthy fats, like avocados or nuts, Passler explained.
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iStock/Getty Images

For breakfast, a Victoria’s Secret model might have eggs with avocado and a vegetable of choice, and for lunch, a green salad with avocado, pecans, olive oil, and protein like fish or chicken is a go-to, Passler said. For models who don’t eat meat, Passler says plant-based protein shakes and legumes are a great way to get the protein they need to build muscle and tone up for the show.

Dinner is something similar to lunch and involves all of the aforementioned macronutrients, and this probably goes without saying, but the models aren’t enjoying dessert during show prep.

Lots of sleep and hydration supplement the models’ nutritional plans

Food isn’t the only thing to keep in mind when developing an effective nutrition plan, though. Passler stresses sleep and water when working with the models. “Without adequate sleep, you’re not recovering from your day and can’t be as aggressive [in workouts] as you want the upcoming day,” he said. He recommended seven to eight hours of sleep per night around the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.

Lastly, the models are constantly downing water to stay hydrated and recover from their workouts. Passler said they drink around two quarts of water daily, plus an additional quart depending on the intensity of their workouts. He also suggested replenishing electrolytes, minerals in the body that preserve nutrients and keep the body functioning properly, according to the National Institutes of Health.

Passler says drugstores offer good over-the-counter electrolyte drinks, or you can opt for coconut water, although it does contain added sugar.

While the models’ eating plan is certainly regimented, Passler says this lifestyle choice can make a major difference. “They work really hard…and the models with longevity follow these routines for their whole lives versus doing a quick fix,” Passler told INSIDER.

Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more.

You can find all of INSIDER’s Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show coverage here.