Monthly Archives: September 2019

‘Why won’t my Nintendo Switch turn on?’: How to troubleshoot an unresponsive Switch

There are several reasons why your Switch might not turn on.

There are several reasons why your Switch might not turn on.
Hollis Johnson/Business Insider

So your beloved Nintendo Switch isn’t turning on? Don’t panic, it’s probably a very small issue.

There are a few reasons why your Nintendo Switch might not turn on, and most of them aren’t serious. Here’s how to quickly troubleshoot a Nintendo Switch that won’t start.

Check out the products mentioned in this article:

Nintendo Switch (From $299.99 at Best Buy)

How to fix a Switch that won’t turn on

Charge it

Most of the time, when a Switch refuses to turn on, it’s simply out of battery. Place it into its dock or plug the charging cable in directly and wait a few hours for it to charge back up. The Switch should soon be operational, and will be fully charged in about three hours.

An unresponsive Nintendo Switch likely just needs some time to charge.

An unresponsive Nintendo Switch likely just needs some time to charge.
Hollis Johnson/Business Insider

For more info on how to charge your Nintendo Switch, check out our article, “How to charge a Nintendo Switch console in 2 ways, and keep playing while it charges.”

Hard reset it

If your Switch remains unresponsive, even after a decent charging session, or if you can see a faint light coming from the blank screen, it’s time to force a shutdown instead. Don’t worry, your saved data won’t be lost.

To shut the Switch off manually:

1. Hold down the little circular power button on top of the Switch for between 12 and 15 seconds.

The power button on top of the Switch can be hard to see.

The power button on top of the Switch can be hard to see.
Steven John/Business Insider

2. Release it and wait a few more seconds.

3. Push the power button normally.

Related coverage from How To Do Everything: Tech:

Cruise lines like Carnival and Norwegian offer credit cards with benefits like bonus points. Here are the pros and cons you need to know.

Celebrity Cruises

There’s no shortage of appealing credit card offers. Virtually every time your turn around, there’s some new card, or an update to an existing one. Card issuers are outdoing themselves in finding ways to get deeper into your wallet.

You’re probably already hip to airline-affiliated credit cards, and you might even have one in your wallet. But cruise lines are in on this game too, offering their own co-branded cards.

Major cruise lines like Holland America, Disney, Norwegian, Princess, Royal Caribbean, Celebrity, and Carnival have rewards credit cards. These cards earn you points that can get you free or discounted cruises, upgrades, cruise line swag, and other goodies. Here’s what you need to know before rushing to fill out an application.

Keep in mind that we’re focusing on the rewards and perks that make these credit cards great options, not things like interest rates and late fees, which can far outweigh the value of any rewards.

When you’re working to earn credit card rewards, it’s important to practice financial discipline, like paying your balances off in full each month, making payments on time, and not spending more than you can afford to pay back. Basically, treat your credit card like a debit card.

Benefits of co-branded cruise credit cards

Co-branded cruise credit cards offer a variety of perks and rewards, ranging from 0% introductory APR periods to sign-up bonuses in the form of points. Cards co-branded with Celebrity, Royal Caribbean, and Carnival offer 2 points per dollar on purchases with their brands and 1 point per dollar on everything else. Norwegian steps it up with 3x points on Norwegian purchases.

Read more: The best current credit card sign-up bonuses

Carnival’s World Mastercard has a perk that is rare in the credit card landscape. You can earn 1 point per dollar for balance transfers made within the first 30 days, up to 5,000 points. What makes this special? Almost no credit cards offer rewards on a balance transfer. Doing the math, 5,000 points is worth $50 (when valued at 1 cent per point), and you’ll pay a 3% balance transfer fee. If you transfer $5,000, for example, you’ll pay a $150 balance transfer fee and earn $50 in points.

Read more: The best balance transfer credit cards

Cruise line co-branded cards are most rewarding for consumers who prefer taking cruises over any other type of travel. You generally earn the highest rewards rate for cruise purchases. These cards often offer a sign-up bonus you can use to offset the cost of a cruise, along with rewards you can redeem to lower the cost even further. If the card allows you to redeem points for other vacation expenses like hotels and rental cars, it can allow you to take a vacation on land for a lower price, too.

For Russ Nauta, owner of, signing up for the Disney Premier Visa Card was a smart move. “I have three children, so we are big Disney fans. Although there is a $49 annual fee, users can get a lot out of the card such as 0% APR for the first six months on certain Disney vacation packages (including cruises!). Then you get some nice additional benefits such as a $200 statement credit after spending just $500 in the first three months; after that 1-2% Disney Rewards Dollars on purchases. For a family that goes to Disney even every few years, this is a great deal.”

The cons

While co-branded cruise line credit cards have some perks tailor-made for cruisers, there are some key considerations. As always, look at the fine print. What are the annual fees, the interest rates, policy on late fees and more? How do they compare with other cards? Do your research.

Be sure you understand how these cards work. Don’t think that if you spend more on your credit card you’ll move up in status like Platinum or Gold with the cruise line’s loyalty program. The big benefit is that you could get a free cruise if you earn enough points, but this doesn’t mean you should spend more than you were planning to already just to get a trip – in that case, you’re paying more than the rewards are worth.

Also, take note of when points expire. There’s typically a five-year time window from when you earn them to expiration.

Consider alternatives

Other credit cards may be better suited for you and your lifestyle. “Unless you take cruises very frequently, a general travel rewards card that can help you earn points on your cruises and also help pay for cruises when you spend on other travel such as airfare may be a better choice,” says Greg Mahnken, an analyst with Credit Card Insider.

General travel rewards cards typically offer a slew of other benefits ranging from rental car insurance to trip interruption and cancellation insurance which may be of additional value to you in your travels.

Furthermore, Sara Rathner, a credit card expert with NerdWallet, says general travel cards give you maximum flexibility when you redeem rewards. She offers examples: “The American Express Platinum offers a statement credit and other perks when you book your cruise through Amex. With the Chase Sapphire Reserve, you get a $300 annual travel statement credit that can be applied to booking a cruise, plus your Chase Ultimate Rewards points are worth 50% more when redeemed for travel, including cruises. While these premium cards charge high annual fees, you can offset the cost by taking full advantage of valuable card benefits like statement credits.”

Click here to learn more about the Amex Platinum card.

Click here to learn more about the Chase Sapphire Reserve.

Marshall Armond, CEO of, also believes there are better rewards cards that can be utilized to redeem towards the price of the cruise: “The Capital One® Venture® Rewards Credit Card offers a 50,000-mile bonus after you spend $3,000 in the first three months. So if sign up for that credit card you book cruise that cost you $3,500, you will get bonus points equal to $500, that you can use to offset the price of the cruise. That same purchase, if done on a Norwegian Cruise Line and their credit card, would only yield you enough points for about a $110 discount or onboard credits.”

Click here to learn more about the Capital One Venture card.

‘Can you watch YouTube on a Nintendo Switch?’: Yes, you can — here’s how to download and use the YouTube app

To watch YouTube on your Nintendo Switch, you'll need to download the app.

To watch YouTube on your Nintendo Switch, you’ll need to download the app.
Steven John/Business Insider

Late last year, Nintendo Switch console users finally got to enjoy some of the finest media out there. Specifically, YouTube videos, because thanks to an app Google released last year, you can watch YouTube videos on the Switch.

Check out the products mentioned in this article:

Nintendo Switch (From $299.99 at Best Buy)

How to watch YouTube on the Nintendo Switch

To watch YouTube on your Switch:

1. Open the Nintendo eShop. Scroll down to the circular icons at the bottom of the home screen, and select the icon of an orange shopping bag that’s labeled “Nintendo eShop.”

2. Once the eShop loads, scroll up to “Search” in the top-left.

3. Search for “YouTube.”

4. The free YouTube app should be the first thing to appear. Select it and then click “Free Download.”

The Nintendo Switch YouTube app is a free download.

The Nintendo Switch YouTube app is a free download.
Steven John/Business Insider

5. On the next page, click “Free Download” again. You may have to enter your Nintendo ID login info.

6. Give the app a few minutes to download. Once it’s finished, you’ll get a notification, and the icon will appear on your home screen.

You can find the YouTube app right on the Switch home screen, beside your games.

You can find the YouTube app right on the Switch home screen, beside your games.
Steven John/Business Insider

7. Tap the app with a finger, or navigate to it with a controller and then press A to launch it.

Once it opens, you can sign in right away, or use the app signed out.

While you’re watching a video, you’ll use either the touchscreen or the left joystick to fast-forward and rewind. The other buttons will open more menus.

YouTube is always at your fingertips once downloaded to the Switch.

YouTube is always at your fingertips once downloaded to the Switch.
Steven John/Business Insider

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Allbirds vs. Rothy’s — we break down which online shoe startup makes better women’s flats

Alyssa Powell/Business Insider

  • Two popular online shoe startups, Rothy’s and Allbirds, make women’s flats.
  • Ranging in price from $95-$145, they’re likely not a purchase you can simply make on the fly.
  • To help you make an informed decision and buy a pair of flats you’ll love, we’ve compared their most important features, like what they’re made of and how they feel.
  • Allbirds Tree Breezers ($95) are soft and cushion-y, with an almost sock-like feel and the added plus of an under-$100 price point. However, if you want more color and print options and a less cushioned (but still comfortable) feel, try one of Rothy’s flats ($125-$145).

Of all the types of shoes in my closet, the ones I could most easily see myself writing a lengthy love letter to are my flats.

Anyone who has ever owned a pair of comfortable flats knows what I’m talking about. They’re the easiest shoes to put on and take off, they can work for casual or formal settings, they barely take up any space in a suitcase, and if we’re talking about the right pair, they won’t make your feet light up with pain every time you take a step.

These types of flats aren’t easy to find, but we’ve been lucky enough to have collected some true gems and favorites. Quite a few are made by newer brands, like Everlane and Rothy’s.

Rothy’s has been making women’s flats for four years now, and up until recently, was arguably the startup to find stylish and comfortable knit flats. We’ve worn them for more than a year and they still live up to that distinction.

However, in May 2019, a strong challenger by the name of Allbirds entered the ring. Hearing that it was coming out with knit flats of its own, we knew we had to try them out and immediately began drawing comparisons with Rothy’s flats. After five months of regular wear, we can confirm the Allbirds flats are truly comfortable and durable.

If you’re stuck between Rothy’s and Allbirds, we’ve broken them down by a few factors (color and style options, fabric construction, feel, and price) so you can determine which one is best for your use and budget.

Our team really likes both so we can’t give a conclusive answer on which is better – it all depends on your specific preferences. For a few more women’s flats options to consider, check out our guide to the best flats you can buy.

Read our full review of Rothy’s flats here.

Read our full review of Allbirds flats here.

Read on for a direct comparison between Rothy’s and Allbirds flats below.

Meet the companies, Rothy’s and Allbirds.


Rothy’s and Allbirds have a lot in common. Both founded in 2015 in the San Francisco Bay Area, the startups quickly became popular in the area for their practical and sustainable approach to footwear and gained the funding to prove their future potential. They’ve also found an audience in East Coast cities like New York, where the culture of walking makes the search for cute and comfortable flats even more dire.

In addition to women’s flats, Rothy’s sells loafers, sneakers, and kids’ shoes. While Rothy’s is best known for its flats, Allbirds is best known for its sneakers, and flats are a brand-new foray into non-sneaker styles. It makes men’s and women’s wool and eucalyptus sneakers, as well as children’s wool sneakers.

Read more: 11 San Francisco-based clothing startups that prove New York City isn’t the only capital of fashion

The flats look pretty similar, but if you take a closer look, the silhouettes have subtle differences, and you also have different color options to consider.

Rothy’s (left) and Allbirds (right)
Rothy’s; Allbirds

Rothy’s makes two different flat styles: rounded toe flats ($125) and pointed toe flats ($145), letting you decide between a versatile, everyday flat or something better suited to polished occasions. They come in a variety of neutral and bright colors, as well as flashy prints such as a spotted leopard print. These colors and prints rotate out from time to time, so there are always new ones to choose from. The colors of the insoles depend on the style – sometimes they match the uppers and other times they don’t. You can also buy extra insoles in different colors here.

An easy way to identify Rothy’s flats are the blue stripe at the heel of the shoe and the knit fabric. Both flats have an angular, V-style opening, which can help your feet look longer or more slender.

Allbirds makes one flat style, the Tree Breezer ($95), currently available in seven colors. Allbirds has a history of releasing limited-edition colors quite often, so check its site, social media, or the Insider Picks page to find the latest options.

Its flat has a rounded toe and rounded opening, with a mesh knit fabric that’s more noticeable than Rothy’s. The “collar” of the opening is also more obvious and is made from a ribbed knit, so it hugs your foot more closely. The insole is Allbirds’ standard gray insole.

Plastic water bottles and eucalyptus: how Rothy’s and Allbirds make innovative use of these two materials.


Both companies pride themselves on using sustainable materials to make comfortable shoes. Conveniently, both their shoes are machine-washable (but take the insoles out first), making it easy to keep them in top shape.

Rothy’s construction:

  • Uppers: 3D-knitted fabric made from recycled plastic water bottles. As of this writing, Rothy’s has repurposed more than 30 million water bottles.
  • Insoles: Recycled plastic water bottles and recyclable foam
  • Outsoles: Recycled, carbon-free rubber

Allbirds construction:

  • Uppers: Knit fabric made from sustainably harvested eucalyptus pulp
  • Insoles: Merino wool and castor bean oil
  • Outsoles: “SweetFoam” made from Brazilian sugarcane

Their sustainable construction doesn’t detract from their comfort.


Both companies’ flats are light, really comfortable, and made for all-day wear – we wouldn’t be writing about them if they weren’t. Thanks to their unique designs, however, they do feel comfortable in different ways. You can get both Rothy’s and Allbirds in half sizes (a first for Allbirds).

Rothy’s fit true to size, but if you have wide feet or fear toe crowding in the pointed flat style, you should go up half a size. They mold to your foot and are breathable, with slight give so you can still wiggle your toes around in them. They’re great for summertime wear since they stay slick and dry. I’ve been wearing and washing mine for nearly a year and they don’t stretch out.

Allbirds recommends going up half a size for its flats, which tend toward a more snug feel. The cushioned insoles are supportive, and the overall feel of the flat is softer and thicker than Rothy’s. If you plan on being very active, you might like Allbirds’ flats more because of the aforementioned collar that grasps onto your foot.

You’ll pay around $100 for Rothy’s and Allbirds flats.


Rothy’s rounded toe flats retail for $125 and the pointed toe flats retail for $145.

Allbirds flats, like all Allbirds shoes, cost $95.

If you don’t want to spend more than $100, Allbirds are the obvious choice, but there’s the trade-off of fewer color and print options, not to mention the fact that they tend to sell out more quickly. If you’re willing to spend $30 to $50 more for Rothy’s, you’ve widened your options and are likely to receive your shoes more quickly.

$100 is probably more than you’re used to paying for a pair of flats, but sustainable clothing does tend to be more expensive, and both brands’ shoes are durable and well made.

The bottom line


We love both Rothy’s and Allbirds flats and wear them often. If you’re already familiar with the feel of Allbirds sneakers and like that, you should go with the Allbirds Tree Breezers. They’re soft and cushion-y, with an almost sock-like feel and the added plus of an under-$100 price point. However, if you want more color and print options and a less cushioned (but still comfortable) feel, try one of Rothy’s flats.

Shop Rothy’s Flats here and Pointed Flats here.

Shop the Allbirds Tree Breezer here.

LeBron James explains why he supports college athletes’ right to earn from their name and likeness after California passes Fair Pay to Play Act

LeBron James spoke with reporters about his support for California's Fair Pay to Play Act during the Lakers press day.

LeBron James spoke with reporters about his support for California’s Fair Pay to Play Act during the Lakers press day.
Robert Hanashiro-USA TODAY Sports

  • On Monday, California Gov. Gavin Newsom signed SB 206, also known as the Fair Pay to Play Act, a bill that gives student-athletes the ability to earn money from the use of their names, images, and likenesses.
  • Newsom appeared on LeBron James’ HBO show “The Shop” to sign the bill and discuss its potential impact moving forward.
  • Speaking with reporters at the Lakers’ media day, James explained why the bill was personal to him.
  • James wasn’t the only athlete to speak out in favor of the bill, with Warriors star Draymond Green referring to the NCAA as a “dictatorship” for their policies restricting student-athletes from making money off of their names and likenesses.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

LeBron James spoke with reporters about his support for California’s Fair Pay to Play Act during the Los Angeles Lakers press day on Monday.

The bill, which aims to permit college athletes to earn money from their names, images, and likenesses, was passed unanimously by the California state legislature. Governor Gavin Newsom signed the bill while appearing on James’ HBO show “The Shop,” as James revealed on social media on Monday.

Read more: LeBron James hosted California Gov. Gavin Newsom as he signed into law a bill allowing college athletes to be paid

Speaking with reporters, James said that while he and his mother would not see any of the money, his school would have brought in tons of revenue driven by his presence.

“If I would have went off to Ohio State … pretty much that ’23’ jersey would have got sold all over the place, without my name on the back, but everyone would have known the likeness,” James said. “My body would have been on the NCAA basketball game 2004. The Schottenstein Center would have been sold out every single night if I was there.”

“Me and my mom, we didn’t have anything,” James said. “We wouldn’t have been able to benefit at all from it. And the university would’ve been able to capitalize on everything that I would have been there for that year or two or whatever.”

“I understand what those kids are going through. I feel for those kids who’ve been going through it for so long, so that’s why it’s personal for me.”

James wasn’t the only athlete to speak out in support of the bill. Warriors star Draymond Green referred to the NCAA as a “dictatorship” with regard to their treatment of student-athletes.

The bill is expected to be met with court challenges before it is scheduled to go into effect in 2023, but between its unanimous passing and the swell of support the cause has gained, it feels as though the effort to pay college athletes in some regard is finally reaching a breaking point.

  • Read more:

LeBron James said Staples Center was the big winner of the wild NBA offseason and joked that his son Bronny could play there

LeBron James says he was ‘literally shedding tears’ when he found out that Nike would be naming a new building after him

LeBron James came off the bench once in his career, and he did it to protect a teammate from being booed

LeBron James offered a warning to those playing against his son after Bronny nearly threw down a monstrous poster dunk: ‘Just hope it’s not you’

Drake is lending his $185 million custom plane, ‘Air Drake,’ to the Sacramento Kings for a preseason trip to India

  • Drake is lending his $185 million custom plane to the Sacramento Kings for a preseason trip to India.
  • The plane, called “Air Drake,” has a bedroom, two living rooms, and sofas – but apparently no WiFi.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

The Sacramento Kings will play a preseason game this week in Mumbai, India, and to get there, they have received help from the rapper and music mogul Drake.

According to reports, Drake is lending the team his custom plane, “Air Drake,” to fly to India.

Drake spent $185 million to customize the plane, a Boeing 767 that was used to haul cargo. It says “Air Drake” and has his custom owl logo. He gave a glimpse of the inside – which reportedly has a bedroom and two living rooms – on Instagram shortly after buying it.


Inside “Air Drake.”
via @champagnepapi/Instagram

The Kings said in a statement: “Yesterday, out of consideration for the comfort of the players given the travel time required to make this historic trip to India, the Kings finalized an additional aircraft for the players and several members of the coaching staff.”

Several Kings players told reporters they were excited to fly on the plane. However, Kings guard Buddy Hield expressed some concern that there was no WiFi.

Kings guard De’Aaron Fox said that it would be the longest flight of his life and that he’d need help figuring out what to do for an entire day.

How to turn off in-app purchases on your iPhone, so your kids don’t accidentally run up your credit card

It's easy to turn off the ability to make in-app purchases on your iPhone.

It’s easy to turn off the ability to make in-app purchases on your iPhone.
Sergio G. Cañizares/Getty Images

In a moment of endearing celebrity relatability, Kanye West once said he was sick and tired of all the in-app purchases made by his kids on their mobile device.

Fortunately for him and other frustrated parents out there, Apple now allows you to turn off in-app purchases on an iPhone with a few taps in the device’s Screen Time settings.

You can also protect yourself from pesky, predatory app purchases that may charge you without your even realizing it.

Here are the five simple steps you can take to protect your credit card from being hit with any unwanted or unintended in-app purchases.

Check out the products mentioned in this article:

iPhone 11 (From $699.99 at Best Buy)

How to turn off in-app purchases on your iPhone

1. Go into your iPhone and open the Settings app.

2. Tap “Screen Time.” You can use the Search bar at the top to find Screen Time.

Tap Screen Time in your Settings.

Tap Screen Time in your Settings.
Emma Witman/Business Insider

3. Open the “Content & Privacy Restrictions” tab. Enable Content & Privacy Restrictions.

Select Content & Privacy Restrictions.

Select Content & Privacy Restrictions.
Emma Witman/Business Insider

4. Once enabled, you’ll be able to open the “iTunes & App Store Purchases” tab.

Once you enable Content & Privacy Restrictions, you can select iTunes & App Store Purchases.

Once you enable Content & Privacy Restrictions, you can select iTunes & App Store Purchases.
Emma Witman/Business Insider

5. Tap “In-app Purchases.” The default setting will be “Allow.” Switch the checked setting to “Don’t Allow.”

Make sure Don't Allow is checked.

Make sure Don’t Allow is checked.
Emma Witman/Business Insider

You’re all set. Any attempt to make an in-app purchase will be met with a message saying they aren’t permitted.

Related coverage from How To Do Everything: Tech:

Mike Pompeo reportedly took part in Trump’s July 25 phone call with Ukraine’s president

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

  • Secretary of State Mike Pompeo was a participant in a July 25 phone call with President Donald Trump and Ukrainian President Volodomyr Zelensky, The Wall Street Journal reported on Monday.
  • The State Department has already faced scrutiny over the extent of its involvement in the call, in which Trump pressured Zelensky to investigate former Vice President Joe Biden and his son Hunter.
  • The call is central to a whistleblower complaint that sparked an impeachment inquiry into Trump.
  • Pompeo on Friday was subpoenaed for documents related to the inquiry.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo was one of the participants in a July 25 phone call between US President Donald Trump and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, The Wall Street Journal reported Monday.

Pompeo’s involvement in the call had not been reported previously. The revelation further ropes the State Department into a brewing controversy surrounding allegations that Trump made efforts to pressure a foreign government to interfere in the 2020 election.

In the July call, Trump urged Zelensky to investigate former Vice President Joe Biden and his son Hunter.

The phone call is now at the heart of a whistleblower complaint from a US intelligence official that’s catalyzed an impeachment inquiry into Trump. As part of this effort, the House Foreign Affairs, Intelligence, and Oversight committees on Friday subpoenaed Pompeo for related documents and scheduled depositions with five current or former State Department officials.

Read more: Read the full declassified whistleblower complaint about a phone call between Trump and Ukraine’s president

The whistleblower complaint said approximately a dozen White House officials listened in on the July 25 call and specifically named top State Department official Ulrich Brechbuhl as one of the people on the call, though the whistleblower said they did not know if anyone was in the room with Trump during the call.

Pompeo has already faced questions about the extent of the department’s involvement in facilitating contacts between Trump’s personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani and an aide to Zelensky, Andriy Yermak. The whistleblower complaint said that the meeting was a “direct follow-up” to Trump’s call with Zelensky about the “cases” they had discussed.

Giuliani, who has disputed the contents of the complaint and referred to it as “crap,” last week said the State Department urged him to make contact with and meet Yermak in Madrid in early August. And on Sunday, Giuliani said Pompeo was aware of his efforts to pressure Ukraine to look into the Bidens.

“I did not do this on my own. I did it at the request of the State Department, and I have all of the text messages to prove it. And I also have a thank you from them from doing a good job,” Giuliani said in an appearance on CBS’s “Face the Nation.”

The State Department has acknowledged that Kurt Volker, the former US special representative to Ukraine, put Giuliani and Yermak in touch. But a spokesperson told The Journal that Giuliani is “a private citizen and acts in a personal capacity as a lawyer for President Trump,” adding that he “does not speak on behalf of the US Government.”

Volker resigned on Friday, becoming the first official to step down in the wake of the launch of the impeachment inquiry and the release of the whistleblower complaint. He’s among the five current and former State Department officials with scheduled hearings linked to the inquiry.

Giuliani has been involved in outreach to Ukraine for months and has said the State Department got in touch with him about it in July. But he told “Face the Nation” on Sunday that he didn’t know of Pompeo’s knowledge of his outreach until last week.

“When I spoke to the secretary last week, I said, ‘Are you aware of this?’ and he said, ‘Yes, I know about this,'” Giuliani said, going on to suggest that the department wants to distance itself from his efforts with Ukraine.

“The State Department is running away from me,” he said.

The State Department did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Unicorn startup Postmates had planned to file to go public in September. Then WeWork happened, and now its IPO is MIA

Bastian Lehmann is the founder and chief executive of Postmates.

Bastian Lehmann is the founder and chief executive of Postmates.
John Phillips/Getty

  • Postmates, the on-demand food delivery app that’s valued at $2.4 billion, was said to file to go public in September.
  • It’s the last day of the month, and there’s no S-1 filing.
  • Postmates, which is not believed to be profitable, may be exercising caution during a nightmarish year for money-losing consumer technology companies. On Monday, WeWork shelved its IPO until next year.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

Postmates may have to push back the estimated time of delivery on its initial public offering.

The unicorn food delivery service confidentially filed the paperwork for an IPO with the Securities and Exchange Comission in February, positioning it to go public before the end of the year.

And as recently as August, sources told TechCrunch’s Megan Rose Dickey and Kate Clark that Postmates would publicly reveal its IPO prospectus, or S-1 filing, in September.

It is September 30, and the startup has yet to deliver.

The year has not been kind to money-losing consumer technology companies, with investors shaving tens of billions of dollars in market value off Uber and Lyft since the two went public. WeWork on Monday canceled its initial public offering after six weeks of intense scrutiny and the resignation of embattled cofounder and chief executive Adam Neumann.

And Postmates has some blemishes that could spook public market investors. Despite a rich, $2.4 billion private market valuation, the company is reportedly unprofitable and lags a crowded field of rivals in the food delivery market.

Read more: How WeWork spiraled from a $47 billion valuation to talk of bankruptcy in just 6 weeks

Dan Ives, an analyst at Wedbush who covers consumer tech companies, said the fiasco at WeWork “has been a yellow flag” for startups headed to the public markets. Poshmark, an online clothing marketplace, and Endeavor, an entertainment conglomerate, also shelved their initial public offerings this month, citing less than ideal market conditions. The situation may cause investors to exercise more caution around businesses lacking profitability.

“The right business models and fundamentals will continue to have an appetite among investors, while more frothy ones will have an uphill battle,” Ives said in an email.

A spokesman for Postmates declined to comment on the company’s timeline, though people familiar with the matter told Bloomberg’s Crystal Tse and Michael Hytha last week that the public offering may be delayed to 2020.

A long-time startup advisor, who asked not to be named because their firm represents many technology companies, said investment bankers and independent board members are “very aware” of the market conditions and will be discussing with their companies what needs to be done to protect their investments.

“Everyone will want to avoid the need to make any adjustments in public, but rather to make them in advance and in private so that the IPO process goes as smoothly and successfully as possible,” they said in an email.

Founded in 2011, Postmates’ most recent funding round of $225 million gave the startup a valuation of $2.4 billion earlier in September. The new capital could signal the company is running out of cash, though it’s also not uncommon for companies to try to boost their valuation ahead of an initial public offering.

According to data research firm Second Measure, Postmates is the fourth-largest food delivery service by consumer spending, behind its better-funded competitors DoorDash, GrubHub, and Uber Eats, which is part of Uber. Still, Postmates sales were 69% higher in August 2019 than they were in the same month a year prior.

New dietary guidelines suggest people should keep eating red meat and processed meat, but nutrition experts says the report is irresponsible

People may enjoy eating meat — but are the health risks worth it?

People may enjoy eating meat — but are the health risks worth it?
Andrea Leelike/SpoonUniversity

  • New dietary guidelines published September 30 suggest people should continue eating red meat and processed meat, contrary to previous evidence that they increase risk of cancer, heart disease, and other illnesses.
  • The new recommendations are based on a review of research showing that health benefits of eating less meat are “very small” and are supported by weak evidence. Plus, people find it difficult to cut back on meat eating, the authors said.
  • Other nutrition professionals said these conclusions are contradictory, flawed, and “irresponsible.” They argued the review is problematic for several reasons, including that the authors are mostly statisticians, not health professionals.
  • Major health and nutrition organizations stand by their recommendations to limit red, and especially processed, meats to support long-term health.
  • Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more.

Most people are familiar with the common health advice to avoid red meat and processed meat, since they’ve been linked to a higher risk of cancer, heart disease, and other illnesses.

However, new guidelines published September 30 in the Annals of Internal Medicine call that advice into question.

The report was developed by a panel of international researchers who conducted five reviews of available research on meat-eating, including its impact on cancer risk and cardiovascular health, as well as people’s attitudes toward meat. In total, the researchers looked at more than 100 studies including more than 6 million people, according to an editorial on the research.

Surprisingly to most of the medical and nutrition community, the panelists found that eating less meat was linked to only a very small reduction in health risks. They also concluded that the evidence that link is based on is uncertain and may not exist at all. In addition, the researchers found meat eaters tended to highly value their carnivorous habits, and would be unlikely to change.

Read more: Vegetarians and vegans may have a higher risk of stroke than meat eaters, but carnivores have a higher risk of heart disease

The guidelines, however, have attracted controversy from public health experts and nutritionists, who say the information is misleading, the conclusions are unwarranted, and the guidelines themselves are “irresponsible.” In other words, you may not want to reach for the bacon just yet.

The guidelines suggest health benefits of cutting down on meat may be minimal

The report’s “weak” recommendation to continue eating meat is based on the following main points, according to Bradley Johnston, lead author of the study and associate professor of community health and epidemiology at Dalhousie University in Toronto.

  • Eating three fewer servings of meat a week leads to only a very small decrease in health risks, according to the research.
  • The link between meat eating and health risks is very uncertain, based on analyses of prior research methodology.
  • Most people who eat meat enjoy it, feel it has a positive impact on their health, and said they would have difficulty preparing healthful and appetizing meals without meat, according to a survey of people’s values and opinions on meat-eating.

“When we’re faced with evidence that’s low certainty, in the face of what people value, we made a weak recommendation [to continue eating meat,] which means people should make their own decisions based on potential risks,” Johnston said. “We hope this will lead to more informed decision making by the public.”

Health experts still say to limit meat, especially the processed kind, for your health.

Health experts still say to limit meat, especially the processed kind, for your health.
Joe Gough/Shutterstock

But other experts say the recommendations contradict the report’s findings

Dr. Frank Hu, chair of the nutrition department at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, is one of many health and nutrition experts that have beef with the guidelines. For one, he said the review actually supports current guidelines against eating meat.

Read more: 8 foods to avoid if you want to reduce your chances of cancer, diabetes, and early death

“Their guidelines actually contradict their own data,” Hu told Insider. “They basically confirmed what we’ve known from previous studies, that high intake of meats is associated with increased risk of mortality, cardiovascular risk, some cancers, and diabetes.”

And yet, “they dismiss these results based on the limitations of some contributing research methods,” Dr. Nigel Brockton, vice president of research at the American Institute for Cancer Research, said in a statement issued with other health organizations in response to the new guidelines.

“We believe this is not in the best public interest,” Brockton continued. “Regularly eating processed meat, and higher consumption of red meat, increases your risk of colorectal cancer; suggesting that there is no need to limit these foods would put people at risk of colorectal cancer and further undermine public confidence in dietary advice.”

The study may also be misleading in its evaluation of evidence

In their statement, the AICR and other health organizations also point out that calling the link between meat eating and health risks “uncertain” is a confusing assessment.

The research panel used a system known as GRADE to determine the quality of the prior evidence linking meat eating and health. However, Hu explained that the GRADE method was designed for prescription drug trials, not nutrition research.

“This system is not appropriate for most dietary and lifestyle factors because those aren’t amenable to large, randomized controlled trials,” he said.

For example, a high-quality study by the GRADE standard would involve assigning a group of people to eat large amounts of meat for five years or more, then seeing if it made them sick, Hu explained. “It wouldn’t be feasible and may be unethical,” he said.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture standards for evaluating nutritional research already exist, according to Hu, but that’s not what the panel relied on.

Hu also questioned the credibility of the panel itself, a majority of whom are methodologists who specialize in research methods and statistics, not nutrition. “It’s very strange because the so-called new guidelines are issued by a self-appointed panel not from any national or international organization,” he said. “And it’s very usual for statisticians to issue nutrition guidelines.”

It takes a lot of environmental resources to produce meat.

It takes a lot of environmental resources to produce meat.
Scott Bauer – United States Department of Agriculture

The study doesn’t address the environmental impact of meat eating

Another critique: The research panel determined that environmental impact and animal welfare concerns were “outside the scope” of the health recommendations.

Meat production has been proven to be a significant source of greenhouse gasses and contributes to other environmental damage by using a huge amount of natural resources like land and water.

As a result, Hu said, it’s an important consideration, since the health of planet will most certainly affect the health of its occupants. “When you issue meat guidelines, it’s really a missed opportunity that environmental concerns are not addressed,” he said.

Most experts still recommend limiting red and processed meat

Despite the new report, health experts continue to urge people to limit their meat consumption. The Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health estimates that a moderate reduction in meat eating could prevent up to 200,000 deaths a year in the U.S. alone.

The AICR also stands by its conclusion that the best available evidence consistently links eating red meat, and especially processed meat, with a higher risk of cancer.

“Anything associated with health risks, we need to be cautious. I think this [new report] is very irresponsible from both a scientific and public health point of view,” Hu said. “It’s very odd to say that because meat eaters enjoy meat, we shouldn’t ask them to change their behavior.”

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