The most and least expensive places to live in America

San Jose, California, is the most expensive US metro area, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

caption
San Jose, California, is the most expensive US metro area, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
source
Facebook/VisitSanJose

  • America’s cities tend to be more expensive than other parts of the country.
  • Using recently released data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, we looked at the most and least expensive places to live in the US.

America’s big coastal cities are really expensive.

The Bureau of Economic Analysis recently released data on personal income and the cost of living in 2016 for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan parts of states, including the relative cost of living in different parts of the country.

Regional price parity is an index that sets the national average cost of goods and services at 100, with a particular region’s RPP showing how the cost of living in that region compares with that average.

For example, the New York metropolitan area had an RPP of 122 in 2016, meaning the city and its suburbs are about 22% more expensive than the national average.

Meanwhile, Beckley, West Virginia, had an RPP of 78.8, meaning goods and services cost about four-fifths as much as the national average.

Here’s a map illustrating the RPP of the country’s metropolitan areas and of the parts of states that fall outside of them. Regions in blue are less expensive than the national average, with darker areas indicating the lowest relative cost of living. Those in red are more expensive than average, with darker red showing a higher cost of living.

most expensive places in america

source
Business Insider/Andy Kiersz, data from Bureau of Economic Analysis

And here are the 10 most expensive (in red) and least expensive (in blue) metro areas in the US:

most and least expensive metro areas chart

source
Business Insider/Andy Kiersz, data from Bureau of Economic Analysis

Here are the 40 largest metro areas by 2016 population, ranked from most to least expensive, along with their overall regional price parities and RPPs for goods, rent, and non-rent services. Much, but not all, of the disparity in prices among cities comes from rent, rather than other goods and services:


San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

source
Facebook/VisitSanJose

Overall regional price parity: 127.1

Goods RPP: 110.4

Rent RPP: 213.3

Non-rent services RPP: 110.7


San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

source
canadastock/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 124.7

Goods RPP: 110.7

Rent RPP: 190.9

Non-rent services RPP: 111.0


New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

source
TTstudio/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 122.0

Goods RPP: 109.9

Rent RPP: 154.9

Non-rent services RPP: 115.9


Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

source
Courtesy of TripAdvisor

Overall regional price parity: 119.1

Goods RPP: 105.4

Rent RPP: 166.4

Non-rent services RPP: 110.7


Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

source
Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 117.7

Goods RPP: 104.8

Rent RPP: 165.4

Non-rent services RPP: 107.4


San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

source
REUTERS/Desmond Boylan

Overall regional price parity: 116.3

Goods RPP: 100.1

Rent RPP: 167.6

Non-rent services RPP: 105.6


Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH

Overall regional price parity: 111.1

Goods RPP: 101.4

Rent RPP: 141.0

Non-rent services RPP: 107.2


Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

Overall regional price parity: 110.5

Goods RPP: 106.3

Rent RPP: 134.0

Non-rent services RPP: 104.0


Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

source
FashionStock.com/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 107.6

Goods RPP: 100.6

Rent RPP: 129.4

Non-rent services RPP: 100.9


Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA

source
Jon Bilous/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 107.4

Goods RPP: 101.6

Rent RPP: 117.6

Non-rent services RPP: 106.8


Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD

source
Tasos Katopodis/Getty Images

Overall regional price parity: 107.2

Goods RPP: 102.8

Rent RPP: 116.0

Non-rent services RPP: 105.2


Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

source
Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 106.0

Goods RPP: 100.8

Rent RPP: 127.9

Non-rent services RPP: 99.3


Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

source
iStock / Songquan Deng

Overall regional price parity: 105.9

Goods RPP: 101.2

Rent RPP: 111.3

Non-rent services RPP: 107.9


Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

source
Sarah Jacobs/Business Insider

Overall regional price parity: 103.8

Goods RPP: 100.1

Rent RPP: 114.8

Non-rent services RPP: 102.2


Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

source
Nic Lehoux

Overall regional price parity: 102.3

Goods RPP: 103.9

Rent RPP: 110.1

Non-rent services RPP: 96.7


Sacramento-Roseville-Arden-Arcade, CA

caption
California Governor Jerry Brown delivers his final state of the state address in Sacramento.
source
Thomson Reuters

Overall regional price parity: 102.0

Goods RPP: 95.4

Rent RPP: 117.6

Non-rent services RPP: 102.0


Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA

source
Shutterstock/Josemaria Toscano

Overall regional price parity: 101.7

Goods RPP: 99.0

Rent RPP: 117.7

Non-rent services RPP: 97.5


Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

source
Tim Warner/Getty

Overall regional price parity: 101.6

Goods RPP: 96.2

Rent RPP: 103.2

Non-rent services RPP: 107.3


Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

source
Christian Petersen/Getty Images

Overall regional price parity: 100.2

Goods RPP: 99.0

Rent RPP: 103.2

Non-rent services RPP: 99.9


Austin-Round Rock, TX

source
Kevin Harber/Flickr

Overall regional price parity: 100.0

Goods RPP: 97.9

Rent RPP: 117.2

Non-rent services RPP: 93.4


Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL

source
Sean Pavone/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 99.8

Goods RPP: 96.5

Rent RPP: 103.5

Non-rent services RPP: 101.8


Providence-Warwick, RI-MA

source
Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 99.7

Goods RPP: 98.7

Rent RPP: 98.2

Non-rent services RPP: 101.9


Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL

source
Kent Phillips/Disney Parks via Getty Images

Overall regional price parity: 98.0

Goods RPP: 97.9

Rent RPP: 104.8

Non-rent services RPP: 93.4


Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC

source
Patrickneil / Wikimedia Commons

Overall regional price parity: 97.9

Goods RPP: 97.8

Rent RPP: 104.9

Non-rent services RPP: 93.4


Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV

source
Shutterstock/Chad Zuber

Overall regional price parity: 97.8

Goods RPP: 95.4

Rent RPP: 96.5

Non-rent services RPP: 102.0


Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

source
welcomia/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 97.1

Goods RPP: 97.2

Rent RPP: 97.7

Non-rent services RPP: 96.5


Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

source
Sean Pavone/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 96.3

Goods RPP: 98.3

Rent RPP: 93.5

Non-rent services RPP: 95.9


Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

source
Wikimedia Commons

Overall regional price parity: 95.9

Goods RPP: 98.2

Rent RPP: 86.7

Non-rent services RPP: 99.3


Jacksonville, FL

source
Logan Bowles/Getty Images

Overall regional price parity: 95.8

Goods RPP: 97.8

Rent RPP: 95.8

Non-rent services RPP: 93.4


Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI

source
Urban Land Institute

Overall regional price parity: 95.6

Goods RPP: 95.6

Rent RPP: 95.1

Non-rent services RPP: 95.8


San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX

source
iStock

Overall regional price parity: 94.4

Goods RPP: 97.5

Rent RPP: 90.2

Non-rent services RPP: 93.4


Nashville-Davidson—Murfreesboro—Franklin, TN

source
Mark Skalny / Shutterstock.com

Overall regional price parity: 94.4

Goods RPP: 97.5

Rent RPP: 90.3

Non-rent services RPP: 93.4


Pittsburgh, PA

source
ESB Professional/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 94.3

Goods RPP: 98.1

Rent RPP: 78.9

Non-rent services RPP: 98.1


Kansas City, MO-KS

source
User:Charvex / Wikimedia Commons

Overall regional price parity: 93.7

Goods RPP: 96.5

Rent RPP: 82.4

Non-rent services RPP: 97.1


Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC

source
Sean Pavone/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 93.5

Goods RPP: 97.4

Rent RPP: 86.5

Non-rent services RPP: 93.4


Columbus, OH

source
Checubus/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 93.0

Goods RPP: 96.9

Rent RPP: 84.2

Non-rent services RPP: 93.4


Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN

caption
IndyCar: 101st Running of the Indianapolis 500-Carb Day
source
Thomson Reuters

Overall regional price parity: 92.8

Goods RPP: 97.2

Rent RPP: 83.0

Non-rent services RPP: 93.5


St. Louis, MO-IL

source
Joe Raedle/Getty Images

Overall regional price parity: 90.8

Goods RPP: 94.3

Rent RPP: 82.7

Non-rent services RPP: 91.4


Cleveland-Elyria, OH

source
Gregory Shamus/Getty Images

Overall regional price parity: 90.2

Goods RPP: 95.9

Rent RPP: 77.9

Non-rent services RPP: 90.9


Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN

source
Checubus/Shutterstock

Overall regional price parity: 89.6

Goods RPP: 94.6

Rent RPP: 78.7

Non-rent services RPP: 90.9