- REUTERS/Joshua Roberts
- The US House of Representatives subcommittee on aviation grilled FAA and NTSB leaders on Wednesday.
- Lawmakers were unhappy with how long it took the US to ban the Boeing 737 Max aircraft from its airspace, after many other major countries had done so.
- Representatives also questioned the agency’s practices for approval of new aircraft design, spurred by reports that Boeing had been allowed to play a major role in the plane’s safety certification.
- “The FAA has a credibility problem,” subcommittee chair Rick Larsen said.
Members of the House of Representatives’ aviation subcommittee on Wednesday had harsh words for leaders of the government’s two air-safety agencies.
In a hearing on Capitol Hill, lawmakers fired blunt questions at Daniel Elwell, the acting administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration, and Robert Sumwalt, the chair of the National Transportation Safety Board, about the regulatory response to the two back-to-back crashes of Boeing 737 Max aircraft in the past year.
“The committee’s investigation is just getting started, and it will take some time to get answers, but one thing is clear right now: The FAA has a credibility problem,” subcommittee chair Rick Larsen said in his opening remarks.
The agency was reportedly aware of problems with the plane’s maneuvering characteristics augmentation system (MCAS) from pilots who experienced similar problems to those likely behind the crash of a Lion Air flight, in October, and another of Ethiopian Airlines, in March, both of which crashed shortly after takeoff.
The Wall Street Journal reported in May that Boeing knew of a software error that prevented the correct functioning of the MCAS alert system on the plane for over a year before notifying airlines and regulators.
The FAA’s approval processes for aircraft changes like those made to the 737 Max has also come under fire in the months since the aircraft’s grounding (the US was notably late to banning the model from its airspace, after many other major countries).
“We shouldn’t have to have tragedies to change the rules if the rules need to be changed,” Rep. Peter DeFazio told the committee. “We shouldn’t have to be here today.”
Elwell, who may soon be replaced with a permanent FAA head, pending the approval of President Donald Trump’s nominee to the post, defended the FAA’s practices and response to the crashes.
“The FAA welcomes scrutiny, it helps makes us better, that’s how our leadership in global aviation safety will endure,” he told the committee.
“Our commitment to fact-based and data-driven decision making has been the guiding principle in all of this.”
That wasn’t enough to calm Rep. Steve Cohen, who added to the fury: “Every country grounded the Max before we did,” he said. “Every country.”
“Is it because they were too quick to draw conclusion from two airplanes going down in similar circumstances and realizing the flying public should be protected in their countries?” Cohen asked Elwell. “Or was it because we were just so much better at using data and not being concerned with the fact that there were two close to identical crashes? How were we last?”
The full investigation into the Ethiopian Airlines crash is ongoing.
The FAA expects Boeing to submit its software fix for the plane “in the next week or so,” Elwell said, adding that the agency would allow the plane to resume flights only when it was “absolutely safe to do so … It’s important we get this right.”
More Boeing 737 Max news:
- Boeing reportedly received zero new plane orders last month, as airlines turn their backs after deadly 737 Max crashes
- Boeing reportedly let some of its mechanics inspect their own work, and it’s causing problems for the manufacturer at the worst possible time
- Boeing admits that it made a key alert system linked to faulty sensors optional on 737 MAX planes
- Boeing reportedly knew of the software error on the 737 Max for a year before telling airlines and regulators
- A critical sensor linked to the 2 fatal Boeing 737 Max crashes had been flagged to the FAA more than 200 times, report says