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Archaeologists unearth the remains of a sacrificed child near the surfing and fishing town of Huanchaquito, Trujillo September 13, 2011.

Ancient graves hid the skeletons of 269 children and 466 llamas who were ritually sacrificed, and archaeologists still don’t know why

Archaeologists uncovered 269 children, 466 llamas, and 3 adults that had been ritually killed near the modern-day coastal town of Huanchaco, Peru.

People hadn’t set foot in this ancient ‘lost city’ in the Honduran jungle for 500 years. Now the government is fighting to save it.

The Honduras government is fighting to save the Moskitia rainforest, home to an ancient "White City" that remained untouched for 500 years.

A handful of recent discoveries has transformed our entire understanding of human history

Our understanding of human history has been thoroughly upended by a number of discoveries over the past few years. There's less certainty now about how long ago we evolved, when humans spread around the world, and how we co-existed with other hominid species.
This graphical abstract shows two waves of Denisovan ancestry have shaped present-day humans.

Ancient humans had sex and interbred with a mysterious group known as the Denisovans more than once, new research has found

Early humans spread around the globe, encountered hominin species like Denisovans and Neanderthals, and interbred with them. We see traces of that in DNA today.

Why we knock on wood, and the truth about 7 other common superstitions

The backstories behind some of the most common superstitions are pretty silly, so why do we still do them today?
The ladder shape composed of red horizontal and vertical lines (centre left) dates to older than 64,000 years and was made by Neanderthals.

Scientists have pinpointed when the first cave paintings were made — and it means Neanderthals were more advanced than they thought

Long before "modern" humans reached Europe, our Neanderthal cousins were creating cultural objects and painting animals in caves in Spain.
Map of sites and postulated migratory pathways associated with modern humans dispersing across Asia during the Late Pleistocene.

Early human ancestors started migrating around the world far earlier than scientists thought

Humans first started migrating from Africa to Asia 120,000 years ago, recent discoveries have found. These early migrants interbred with other hominin species.

Inequality has been growing for thousands of years — and it could hint at future societal collapse

The research describes a growing trend that could have dire consequences for future societies, provided they fail to become more equal.

A newly discovered baby skull reveals what the common ancestor of humans and apes may have looked like

We know little about the common ancestors that we and other apes had more than ten million years ago. A new 13 million-year-old skull may shed light on them.

Ancient skulls that mirror ours are part of a handful of archaeological findings that rewrite human history

Researchers are discovering evidence that could fundamentally change ancient history by answering questions like how and when our species emerged.