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A display of a Homo naledi skeleton.

A handful of recent discoveries have shattered anthropologists’ picture of where humans came from, and when

Anthropologists have discovered new species of human ancestors and revealed that humans, Neanderthals, and Denisovans interbred.
An artist's reconstruction of Homo erectus in the Tautavel prehistory museum in France, July 18, 2013.

A group of our Homo erectus ancestors suffered a mysterious mass death more than 107,000 years ago. It’s their last appearance in the fossil rec...

Anthropologists solved a 90-year mystery about Homo erectus fossils after finding that 12 skulls are at least 107,000 years old.
A boy experiences what it's like to be an ancient hunter-gatherer at the Archeon Museum Park in the Netherlands in 2016.

Scientists found a 5,700-year-old piece of used gum in a lagoon — and sequenced the entire genome of the woman who chewed it

For the first time, scientists were able to extract an entire ancient human genome from a wad of birch "chewing gum" discovered in Denmark.
A panorama view of the hunting scene found on the walls of a cave in Sulawesi, Indonesia.

A 44,000-year-old mural is now the oldest example of humans telling stories with pictures. Take a look at the epic hunt it shows.

A 44,000-year-old mural depicts human-like creatures hunting local pigs and buffalo in Indonesia. It's our oldest example of picture storytelling.
A group of southern resident orca whales swim in the inshore coastal waters of Washington state and British Columbia, Canada.

Humans aren’t the only species that rely on grandmothers to watch the kids: Orca grannies ensure baby whales live longer

Orca whales and humans share a trait that's rare among mammals: Females survive long past their reproductive period and take care of grandchildren.
Mummies of cats and other felines are displayed after the announcement of a new discovery carried out by an Egyptian archaeological team in Giza's Saqqara necropolis, south of the capital Cairo, on November 23, 2019.

Archaeologists discovered a catacomb filled with mummified lion cubs, crocodiles, and cobras in an ancient Egyptian city of the dead

Egyptologists discovered an ancient city of the dead in Saqqara. The grave site recently revealed dozens of mummified creatures, including lion cubs.
This skull of an 18-month-old infant was found buried in Salango, Ecuador.

A pair of infant skeletons were found wearing other children’s skulls as helmets in a 2,000-year-old grave site

At a pair of burial mounds in Ecuador, archaeologists uncovered two infant skeletons that were buried wearing helmets made of older children's skulls.
The Khoisan people of Botswana share mitochondrial DNA with the last matrilineal common ancestor of all humans alive today.

Every person alive today descended from a woman who lived in modern-day Botswana about 200,000 years ago, a new study finds

Modern humans emerged in Africa around 200,000 years ago. Now a research team has figured out where on the continent our ancestors originated.
Roopkund Lake and surrounding mountains.

Hundreds of skeletons were found in a mysterious Himalayan lake. A new analysis shows that some of them died 1,000 years apart.

A Himalayan lake was the final resting place of an estimated 800 skeletons. Researchers still don't know what killed them.
A facial reconstruction of the 3.8 million-year-old Australopithecus anamensis specimen found in Ethiopia in 2016.

Anthropologists have found the oldest skull of one of our earliest human ancestors. The 3.8 million-year-old fossil changes our understanding of human...

Australopiths were human ancestors that lived 4.2 million years ago. A new skull fossil is changing our understanding of these ancient hominins.