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Right upper teeth of the Homo luzonensis individual CCH6. From left to right: two premolars and 3 molars.

Scientists may have discovered a new human species. It lived on a tiny island in the Philippines at the same time as Homo sapiens.

Anthropologists may have discovered a new human relative named Homo luzonensis on the island of Luzon in the Philippines.
It took the Earth 10 million years to recover from the mass extinction that killed the dinosaurs.

So many animals are going extinct that it could take Earth 10 million years to recover

Earth took 10 million years to recover from the mass extinction that killed the dinosaurs. Our planet may be experiencing another mass extinction now.

Nibbled-on bones found in a cave revealed that our Neanderthal ancestors ate each other. Scientists may have figured out why.

A rapid global warming 120,000 years ago left our Neanderthal ancestors facing starvation. So they turned to cannibalism.
An artistic reconstruction of two individuals of Peregocetus, one standing on the rocky shore of modern-day Peru and the other preying on fish. The existence of a tail fluke remains hypothetical.

Paleontologists have discovered an ancient whale that had four legs and could walk on land

Paleontologists discovered an ancient whale off the coast of Peru that had four legs and could walk on land.
A fossil specimen of Daihua sanqiong, which some scientists think is an ancestor of the comb jelly.

This ancient sea creature had 18 tentacles that funneled food into its gaping mouth — and it may be the ancestor of an even creepier ocean anima...

Scientists have discovered a 518-million-year-old fossilized sea creature that had 18 tentacles. It could be the ancestor of comb jellies.
We usually think of T. rex as a monstrous predator, but their babies were almost defenseless.

Baby T. rexes were covered in peach fuzz and the size of small turkeys — here’s what they looked like

A new museum exhibit reveals an updated depiction of T. rexes. Their babies were the size of turkeys and sported a coat of fuzzy feathers.
The extinct giant sloth was up to 13 feet tall.

Divers found fossils of an ancient giant sloth hidden in a sinkhole. The creature was 20 feet long.

In a sinkhole, scientists uncovered the remains of a giant sloth. The elephant-sized animal appears to have been able to adapt to changing climates.
The vertebrae and humerus of the "Antarctic King," uncovered in the rocks of the Transantarctic Mountains.

A tiny dinosaur relative named the ‘Antarctic King’ has been discovered at the South Pole

Paleontologists discovered a tiny dinosaur relative at the South Pole, which they've named "Antarctic King." The fossil is some 250 million years old.

New research shows that toddlers that lived 3 million years ago could walk upright and climb trees

Even with these abilities, they still had to rely on their parents to carry them.
Detail view of a cast from the sandstone slab imprinted with more than 70 dinosaur and mammal tracks that Ray Stanford, a local dinosaur track expert discovered at Goddard Space Flight Center in 2012.

A stone with more than 70 dinosaur tracks is transforming what we know about how prehistoric creatures interacted

The wealth of information contained in the slab transforms what we know about how early mammals interacted with dinosaurs and other prehistoric creatures.