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Ancient Australia was home to strange marsupial giants, some weighing over 2,200 pounds.

For millions of years, eastern Australia was home to 2,200-pound marsupials with giant claws

A group of now-extinct marsupials named palorchestids once roamed eastern Australia. These giants weighed up to 2,200 pounds and had large claws.
An artistic reconstruction of the extinct short-faced kangaroo.

More than 40,000 years ago, giant kangaroos roamed Australia. Their jaws were surprisingly similar to those of pandas, a new study found.

Extinct Australian kangaroos weighed more than 250 pounds and had powerful jaws to crunch through tough vegetation, much like today's giant pandas.

For the first time, a timeline reveals what happened in the minutes and hours after the asteroid crash that killed the dinosaurs

The dinosaurs' extinction was spurred by an asteroid that struck Earth. By studying the crater, scientists now know what happened after the impact.
A facial reconstruction of the 3.8 million-year-old Australopithecus anamensis specimen found in Ethiopia in 2016.

Anthropologists have found the oldest skull of one of our earliest human ancestors. The 3.8 million-year-old fossil changes our understanding of human...

Australopiths were human ancestors that lived 4.2 million years ago. A new skull fossil is changing our understanding of these ancient hominins.
An artistic reconstruction of the extinct giant parrot Heracles inexpectatus.

A carnivorous 3-foot-tall parrot that scientists nicknamed ‘Squawkzilla’ lived over 15 million years ago in New Zealand

The world's largest parrot lived 19 million years ago in New Zealand. Paleontologists have named the 3-foot-tall, 15-pound bird "Squawkzilla."
An opal mine near Lightning Ridge, Australia on February 17, 2006.

Colorful fossils found in an Australian opal mine linked to a brand-new plant-eating species of dinosaur

Fostoria dhimbangunmal was a plant-eating dinosaur likely around during the mid-Cretaceous period, around one hundred million years ago.
This triceratops specimen is housed in the Senckenberg Naturmuseum in Frankfurt, Germany.

T. rexes and other dinosaur skeletons look almost alive in a new set of remarkable photos

Photographer Christian Voigt travels from museum to museum capturing breathtaking photographs of long-extinct species like dinosaurs and mammoths.
This billion-year-old microscopic fossil fungus was unearthed in the North Territories of Canada.

Scientists found a billion-year-old fungus, and it could change our understanding of how life migrated to land

Scientists found billion-year-old fossil fungi in the Canadian arctic, the oldest on record. It could reveal clues about how life migrated to land.
Reconstructions of the bizarre, membranous-winged Ambopteryx longibrachium.

This ‘bizarre-looking, buck-toothed’ dinosaur that could fit in your palm flew around the Jurassic skies like a bat

Scientists discovered a 163-million-year old dinosaur in China that had leathery wings like a modern-day bat.
Right upper teeth of the Homo luzonensis individual CCH6. From left to right: two premolars and 3 molars.

Scientists may have discovered a new human species. It lived on a tiny island in the Philippines at the same time as Homo sapiens.

Anthropologists may have discovered a new human relative named Homo luzonensis on the island of Luzon in the Philippines.