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- High-yield savings accounts and CDs are great tools for growing your savings while keeping the money safe from market risk.
- A CD or high-yield savings account with an annual percentage rate (APY) of 2% would net about $200 in interest on a $10,000 balance over a 12-month period.
- If you earned more than $10 from an interest-bearing account throughout the year, you’ll get Form 1099-INT from your bank to include with your tax return. It should arrive digitally or via mail by January 31.
- For most taxpayers, interest income from a high-yield account isn’t enough to significantly increase tax liability. The benefit of keeping cash in a growing and secure account often outweighs any minor bump in taxes.
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High-yield savings accounts and certificates of deposit (CDs) are great tools to help you earn more on your money.
Financial planners recommend storing cash for virtually any short-term goal in a high-yield savings account, where your money stays safe and accessible and can grow by more than 2% annually. That’s 200 times more interest than a traditional savings account, which may pay as little as 0.01%. A CD is a good option for storing money you don’t need access to immediately, and may score you an even higher rate.
But the interest earned in a high-yield account – formally referred to as the APY, or annual percentage yield – isn’t a total handout. Interest is actually considered income by the IRS, and it’s taxed as such.
You’re only taxed on interest earnings, not contributions
If you earned interest throughout the year from a high-yield savings account, CD, or money-market account totaling more than $10, each bank will send you Form 1099-INT by January 31 to include with your tax return. Box 1 on the form will list exactly how much interest you earned in your account throughout the tax year.
To be clear, you’re never taxed on your contributions to any high-yield account, only on your earnings. However, if you took advantage of a cash bonus offer for opening a new high-yield account, that amount is also added to your interest income total for the year, since it wasn’t your own contribution.
The interest income is included in your gross income, along with any salaries, wages, and tips, and is eventually taxed at your marginal tax bracket (see chart below) after all the appropriate deductions have been taken.
For most taxpayers, interest income from a high-yield account isn’t enough to significantly increase tax liability. The benefit of keeping cash in a growing and secure account often outweighs any minor bump in taxes.
- Shayanne Gal/Business Insider
If you earned interest from more than one bank account during the tax year, you’ll get Form 1099-INT for each one and will need to add up the total interest and record it on Schedule 1 of Form 1040 of your tax return. If your total interest income is more than $1,500 for the year, you have to fill out Schedule B of Form 1040.
There’s also an additional 3.8% tax levied on interest income for single filers with an adjusted gross income (AGI) above $200,000 and joint filers with AGI above $250,000.
Since you haven’t yet paid taxes on the interest income you report on your tax return, you’ll owe money to the IRS. If you’re due for a refund, the taxes you owe will simply reduce the amount of your refund.
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